Bird Families

White-breasted Mockingbird / Ramphocinclus brachyurus

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Mockingbirds

Mockingbirds are a large family of birds from the order of passerines. Belongs to the suborder of songbirds. The body length of mockingbirds is about 30 cm, their plumage is usually inconspicuous in color, ranging from gray to brown. The American continent is home to 30 species, the distribution area of ​​which extends from Canada to Tierra del Fuego.

Appearance

Representatives of the family are medium-sized birds with a body length of 20 - 30 cm. They are usually painted in one color, in white, gray or brown tones. Some birds are blue or black. some species have white spots on the wings and tops of the tail feathers. There is no seasonal or sexual dimorphism in the coloration. The wings are short and rounded. The tail is elongated and stepped. The beak is sharp and strong. Paws are long. They move well on the ground and trees.

Vote

Loud and varied singing is characteristic. Mockingbirds can borrow songs from other birds. Throughout the year, you can hear their songs - this is how birds designate their territories. During the breeding season, some species sing at night.

2. Reproduction

During the mating season, they form pairs and begin to strictly guard their territories. They nest in trees at a height of 1-6 m from the ground. Both partners build the nest. There are 2-6 eggs in a clutch. In most species, only the female incubates, but both parents feed the chicks. Some species have nesting mates. Mockingbirds and Oreoscoptes can also sing while in flight. Mockingbirds are the best singers in the family and are good at imitating the voices of other birds. In a feline mockingbird, the cry is similar to the meow of a cat.

3. Nutrition

The Feline Mockingbird and the Black Mockingbird feed on various insects and fruits, while the Pearl-Eyed Screaming Mockingbird feeds only on insects that it searches in the crowns of trees. Singing mockingbirds are great for looking for invertebrates on the ground, in the forest floor, or in the sand.

Area

They inhabit a vast territory from Canada to Chile, the greatest variety of species in Central America. All genera can be roughly divided into two groups: Singing mockingbirds, Oreoscoptes, Feline mockingbirds, Black mockingbirds and Crooked-billed mockingbirds, whose representatives are common in North America, and Black-eared mockingbirds, Mockingbirds, Pied mockingbirds and Ramphocinclus, from Central America and western India.

Habitat

Most species inhabit open dry landscapes with thickets of shrubs or cacti. They can also settle on plantations. Some have become constant companions of man. They never form flocks and live separately except during the nesting season.

5. Classification

  • Scale-chested screaming mockingbird Allenia fusca, syn. Margarops fuscus
  • Genus Allenia Cory, 1891
  • Genus Pied Mockingbirds Cinclocerthia G. R. Gray, 1840
  • Cinclocerthia gutturalis
  • Brown pika mockingbird Cinclocerthia ruficauda
  • Feline mockingbird Dumetella carolinensis
  • Genus Feline Mockingbirds
  • Genus Screaming Mockingbirds Margarops P. L. Sclater, 1859
  • Pearl-Eyed Screaming Mockingbird Margarops fuscatus
  • Genus Black Mockingbirds Melanoptila P. L. Sclater, 1858
  • Black mockingbird Melanoptila glabrirostris
  • Blue and white black-eared mockingbird Melanotis hypoleucus
  • Genus Black-Eared Mockingbirds Melanotis Bonaparte, 1850
  • Blue black-eared mockingbird Melanotis caerulescens
  • Tropical songbird Mimus gilvus
  • Sokkor mockingbird Mimodes graysoni, syn. Mimus graysoni
  • Genus Singing Mockingbirds Mimus Boie, 1826
  • Bahamian songbird Mimus gundlachii
  • Brown-backed songbird Mimus dorsalis
  • White-Belted Mockingbird Mimus triurus
  • Galapagos mockingbird Mimus trifasciatus, syn. Nesomimus trifasciatus
  • Chilean songbird Mimus thenca
  • Long-tailed songbird Mimus longicaudatus
  • Patagonian songbird Mimus patagonicus
  • Mimus melanotis, syn. Nesomimus melanotis
  • Mimus macdonaldi, syn. Nesomimus macdonaldi
  • Mimus parvulus, syn. Nesomimus parvulus
  • The many-voiced mockingbird Mimus polyglottos
  • White-browed songbird Mimus saturninus
  • Mountain crooked-billed mockingbird Oreoscoptes montanus, syn. Toxostoma montanus
  • Genus Oreoscoptes S.F. Baird, 1858
  • Genus Ramphocinclus Lafresnaye, 1843
  • White-breasted pika mockingbird Ramphocinclus brachyurus, syn. Cinclocerthia brachyurus
  • Cactus crooked-billed mockingbird Toxostoma bendirei
  • Desert crooked-billed mockingbird Toxostoma lecontei
  • Brown crooked-billed mockingbird Toxostoma rufum
  • Cozumel crooked-billed mockingbird Toxostoma guttatum
  • Genus Crooked-billed Mockingbirds Toxostoma Wagler, 1831
  • Red-breasted crooked-billed mockingbird Toxostoma crissale, syn. Toxostoma dorsale
  • Mouse crooked-billed mockingbird Toxostoma cinereum
  • Ginger-billed mockingbird Toxostoma longirostre
  • California crooked-billed mockingbird Toxostoma redivivum
  • Ocellated crooked-billed mockingbird Toxostoma ocellatum
  • Spotted crooked-billed mockingbird Toxostoma curvirostre

Previously, this family belonged to the Black-headed Mockingbird Donacobius atricapilla, which is now in a separate monotypic family, the Black-Headed Mockingbird Donacobiidae.

  • Galapagos mockingbird Mimus trifasciatus Gould, 1837 White-belted songbird Mimus triurus Vieillot, 1818 Mockingbird family - Mimidae
  • Black-eared mockingbirds lat. Melanotis is a genus of birds of the Mockingbird family Mimidae Range - Central America. Blue black-eared mockingbird Melanotis
  • Crooked-billed mockingbirds Toxostoma is a genus of birds of the Mockingbird family Mimidae Cactus crooked-billed mockingbird Toxostoma bendirei Coues
  • Pike mockingbirds lat. Cinclocerthia is a genus of birds of the Mockingbird family Mimidae Reddish brown or brownish gray birds with an elongated
  • Galapagos mockingbird lat. Mimus trifasciatus is a songbird of the mockingbird family. Mimidae The species is endemic to Floreana Island from the Galapagos group
  • lat. Toxostoma rufum - North American songbird of the mockingbird family The body length of a brown mockingbird is 29 cm.The plumage is painted on top
  • Trogon-like, Raksha-like, Woodpecker, Sparrow-like family. Deer-frogs - Mockingbirds - Publishing house - in Moscow. un - that, 2001 - 358 s - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4.
  • Crustaceans, Woodpeckers, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 s - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4. Woodpeckers. Article on the World of Animals. Knipovich
  • Crustaceans, Woodpeckers, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 s - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4. Winkler, Hans Christie, David A
  • screaming mockingbird lat. Allenia fusca is a mockingbird, the only species in the genus Allenia. The species is common in the Lesser Antilles
  • singing mockingbird lat. Mimus saturninus - songbird of the mockingbird family The species is found in Brazil, Bolivia, Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina
  • Dumetella carolinensis - North American songbird of the mockingbird family The body length of the feline mockingbird is from 21 to 24 cm, wings are short
  • Crustaceans, Woodpeckers, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds But'ev, V.T., Zubkov, N.I., Ivanchev, V.P., Koblik, E.A., Kovshar
  • singing mockingbird lat. Mimus polyglottos is a songbird of the mockingbird family. Mimidae Polyphonic mockingbird 25 cm long. Plumage of the back
  • drongoes Dicruridae ravens Corvidae oriole Oriolidae and mockingbirds Mimidae Small or medium-sized birds 16.5 - 42 cm long
  • Crustaceans, Woodpeckers, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 s - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4. Winkler, Hans Christie, David A
  • Crustaceans, Woodpeckers, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 s - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4. Stepanyan, L.S.
  • Shell-like, Woodpecker, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 s - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4. Winkler, Hans Christie, David Nurney
  • Crustaceans, Woodpeckers, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 p - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4. Benz, Brett W. Robbins, Mark B.
  • Crustaceans, Woodpeckers, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds Winkler, Hans Christie, David Nurney, David. Woodpeckers: An Identification
  • Crustaceans, Woodpeckers, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 p. - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4. Rogacheva E. V. Birds of Central Siberia
  • Shell-like, Woodpecker, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 s - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4. Winkler, Hans Christie, David A
  • Swarfiformes, Birds - mice, Trogoniformes, Rakshiformes, Woodpeckers, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 p - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4.
  • Shell-like, Woodpecker, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 p - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4. Blotzheim, Urs N. Glutz von. Tom
  • Crustaceans, Woodpeckers, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 p - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4. Harris, Tony. Shrikes and Bush - Shrikes
  • Shell-like, Woodpecker, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 p. - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4. Panov, E. N. Shrike of the world fauna
  • Crustaceans, Woodpeckers, Sparrow-like family. Dart frogs - Mockingbirds - 358 s - ISBN 5 - 211 - 04072 - 4. Malovichko L. V., Gavrilov A. I., Fedosov
  • the Darwin Islands noticed that some members of the mockingbird family are different from those in Chile and differ from each other on different islands
  • Leaflet Flycatcher Nectarians Oatmeal Olive Songbirds Olive Singers Mockingbirds Pisciferous Nuthatch Remezovye Worms Tit Starling Glaucous
  • Hypocoliidae Trupial Icteridae Black berry beetle Melanocharitidae Mockingbird Mimidae Mohoidae Wagtail Motacillidae Flycatcher Muscicapidae

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