Bird Families

Blue Tit (Knyazek)

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Our author's teaching materials on ornithology and birds of Russia:
In our online store at non-commercial prices (at the cost of production)
can to acquire the following teaching materials on ornithology and birds of Russia:

computer digital (for PC-Windows) Guide to birds of Russia, containing descriptions and images of 206 species of birds of the middle lane (drawings of birds, silhouettes, nests, eggs and voices), as well as a computer program for identifying birds encountered in nature.
application for smartphones and tablets Android Field guide to Russian birds (you can buy it in the Google Play store),
applications for iPhone and iPad: Birds of Russia, Birds of Europe, Russian Birds Voices, Bird Calls: Birds of Europe, Bird Calls: Birds of North America: Decoys, Field Automatic Bird Voice Recognition (all of them can be downloaded from the AppStore),
pocket field guides Birds of the middle lane (160 species), Birds of Russia (278 species),
colored identification tables Migratory birds, Wintering birds,
identification books of the series "Encyclopedia of the Nature of Russia": Birds, Pets,
MP3-disks with the voices of birds (songs, calls, calls): Voices of birds of central Russia (343 species) and Voices of birds of Russia, part 1: European part, Ural, Siberia (BN Veprintsev's music library, 450 species).

Blue tit, or white titmouse, or princeling (obsolete) - Parus cyanus

Appearance. The dorsal side is grayish-blue, the wings and tail are blue, the abdomen, the head, two wide stripes on the wing and stripes along the edges of the tail are white, a blue or black stripe passes through the eye.

Vote. (Reload the page - F5 to listen to the voice again). The song is a short trill. You can often hear a subtle whistling and a trill reminiscent of the voice of a waxwing, shouts “Tyrr. tyrr. "And an alarming sharp urge" scoop. scoop. ”(Similar to the call of a great tit).

Habitat. Inhabits mixed and deciduous forests, most often floodplain.

Food. It feeds on insects, in winter it willingly eats various seeds.

Nesting. It nests in the hollows of old willows, alders and other coastal trees, mostly in the most impassable places of swampy thickets.

Spread. Distributed from the European part of Russia (where it is rare) to the south of Siberia and the Far East.

Wintering. It hibernates mainly in the nesting area, sometimes making irregular migrations.

Description of Buturlin. This close relative blue titdistributed mainly in Siberia, where it is found almost to the Sea of ​​Japan. In the European part of Russia, it lives in noticeable numbers only in its eastern half, in the regions adjacent to the Urals, and along the valley of the Middle and Lower Volga. To the west of here, only a few couples meet in summer (up to Belarus and the southern parts of the Leningrad region). In autumn and winter, when these titmouses begin to wander, they come across in common flocks of titmouses and outside the nesting area, even in Western Europe.

The habits of the blue tit are typical of titmouse and are very similar to the habits of the green, but coloration she is so characteristic that this bird is immediately noticed even in a large flock of titmouse: white head, throat and chest, only through the eye and along the abdomen is a dark blue stripe. The back and sides of the neck, back, wings and tail are grayish-blue. There is a wide white stripe on the wings, and white spots (edges) on the tips of the flight feathers. The outer rudders are also white. The appearance of the blue tit is very similar to the green one, but larger (up to 14 centimeters long), and its tail is noticeably longer. In the female, all blue tones are paler, and the young, in addition, have a grayish tone on the crown.

The winter lifestyle of blue tit is not much different from that of their close relatives. By kind nutrition blue tit are more herbivorous than green ones, and in winter they readily eat various seeds. From spring and all summer, their food is exclusively insects.

Blue tit differs markedly from green in its nesting tendencies and summer lifestyle. She loves dense willow groves and reed thickets along the banks of rivers and lakes. The proximity of water in summer is absolutely essential for these birds. Already from early spring, they begin to gather to such places for nesting.

Nest they are in the hollows of old willows, alders and other coastal trees, mostly in the most impassable places of swampy thickets. The nest structure, color and number of eggs are very similar to the blue tit. Often the hair of a water rat is used for the lining of the nest.

Before nesting begins (very early), males loudly shout out their various urges, ending in a silvery trill, and, fluttering their wings, fly from branch to branch. Many of the urges of blue tit are quite similar to voice other tits. You can often hear a subtle whistling and a trill, reminiscent of the voice of waxwings, shouts “Tyrr. tyrr. "And an alarming sharp urge" scoop. scoop. ”(Similar to the call of a great tit).

Species descriptions taken from Keys to birds and bird nests in central Russia (Bogolyubov A.S., Zhdanova O.V., Kravchenko M.V. Moscow, "Ecosystem", 2006).

Our author's teaching materials on ornithology and birds of Russia:
In our online store at non-commercial prices (at the cost of production)
can to acquire the following teaching materials on ornithology and birds of Russia:

computer digital (for PC-Windows) Guide to birds of Russia, containing descriptions and images of 206 species of birds of the middle lane (drawings of birds, silhouettes, nests, eggs and voices), as well as a computer program for identifying birds encountered in nature.
application for smartphones and tablets Android Field guide to Russian birds (you can buy it in the Google Play store),
applications for iPhone and iPad: Birds of Russia, Birds of Europe, Russian Birds Voices, Bird Calls: Birds of Europe, Bird Calls: Birds of North America: Decoys, Field Automatic Bird Voice Recognition (all of them can be downloaded from the AppStore),
pocket field guides Birds of the middle lane (160 species), Birds of Russia (278 species),
colored identification tables Migratory birds, Wintering birds,
identification books of the series "Encyclopedia of the Nature of Russia": Birds, Pets,
MP3-disks with the voices of birds (songs, calls, calls): Voices of birds of central Russia (343 species) and Voices of birds of Russia, part 1: European part, Ural, Siberia (BN Veprintsev's music library, 450 species).

In section Nature in photographs also hosted thousands scientific photographs mushrooms, lichens, plants and animals of Russia and the countries of the former USSR, and in the section Natural landscapes of the world - photographs of nature in Europe, Asia, North and South America, Africa, Australia and New Zealand and Antarctica.

In section Methodical materials You can also get acquainted with the descriptions developed by the Ecological Center "Ecosystem" of printed identifiers of plants in the middle lane, pocket identifiers of natural objects in the middle lane, identification tables "Mushrooms, plants and animals of Russia", computer (electronic) identifiers of natural objects, field guides for smartphones and tablets , methodological manuals for organizing project activities of schoolchildren and field environmental research (including a book for teachers "How to organize a field environmental workshop"), as well as educational films on the organization of project research activities of schoolchildren in nature. Purchase all of these materials are available in our non-commercial online store. You can also purchase there mp3 discs Voices of birds of central Russia and Voices of birds of Russia, part 1: European part, Ural, Siberia.

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Table of contents

  • 1. Description
  • 2. Reproduction
  • 3. Habitat
  • 4. Nutrition
  • 5. Links

Drawing

Blue tit (lat. Parus cyanus Pallas)a small songbird of the titmouse family. A rare bird listed in the Red Book of Russia. Lives in Priangarye.

Description

Smaller than a sparrow. The dorsal side is grayish-blue, the wings and tail are dark-gray-blue. A black stripe runs through the eye. Inhabitant of floodplain forests and shrubs, wetlands. It nests in hollows and half-hollows, where it forms a tray from grass and lines it with wool. A very secretive bird.

The tail is rather long, the flight resembles that of a wagtail.

Reproduction

The breeding of the blue tit begins in early April. The nest is placed in tree holes at a height of 2-4 meters from the ground. Nest consists of moss, thin dry blades of grass, abundantly lined with wool rolled into dense felt. Clutch in mid-May of 9-11 white eggs with reddish-brown specks. The female incubates for 13-14 days. It is possible that sometimes a male replaces her at the nest. The male feeds the female sitting on the nest. Both adult birds feed the chicks.

Habitat

Blue tit is an inhabitant of flat landscapes. It is found in deciduous subtaiga forests, in places where there are many swampy meadows with willows, lakes overgrown with reeds and reeds, as well as alder and aspen.

Food

Predominantly insectivorous bird. The main food: clutches, caterpillars and pupae of butterflies, small dipterans, spiders, hymenoptera and small beetles, more often weevils and leaf beetles. In winter, he eats the seeds of various plants.

Output data of the material:

Note: "Authors" means the totality of all employees and freelance authors of Irkipedia, who created the article and made corrections and additions to it as necessary.

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