Length 13 - 14 cm. They have a strong beak and a long tail. The upper back and rump are olive green. The head is dark gray, and the tail and wings are blackish. Around the eyes there is a partial white ocular ring and a white stripe down to the beak. The lower part of the body is white, from the sides it turns gray.
They feed on fruits and insects. Life expectancy is usually 3 to 6 years. The oldest representative of the species turned out to be an individual caught in 2006, which had already been observed earlier in 1998.
Much remains to be learned about the life of the species, such as how chicks survive, how molt occurs, and how birds are settled in the Republic of Haiti.
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Special features of the group
The fact is that such clematis bloom only on last year's branches, so a haircut is not a vital event for them, moreover, excessive pruning can harm the liana, postponing its flowering for a year. It is enough just to remove the part of the lash that has faded right after the end of flowering.
Naturally, when growing such varieties, the age of the plant should also be taken into account. If necessary, the bushes are subject to a rejuvenating haircut, because if they are too thick, this will affect the quality of flowering.
Rejuvenation is carried out in the summer, completely cutting out the old branches approximately every two years.
It is impossible to describe the varieties of the group in one word, there are both very large species and quite suitable shrubs for home cultivation among them. However, all of them are characterized by abundant flowering: a huge number of buds "sit" close to each other, creating a spectacular colorful wall. Although clematis will not surprise you with the special size of the inflorescences, such a large number of flowers makes you forget about their size.
Today we want to bring to your attention the most popular and most beautiful varieties of clematis from the first pruning group. So, let's begin.
Clematis mountain pink
One of the tallest species is clematis mountain pink or Montana (as it is also called). It grows on average up to 8 m in height, and in the southern regions the lashes can stretch up to 12 m.Opposite leaves of a dark green color are located along the entire length of the shoots, the length of which does not exceed 10 cm.
From May to July, the bush is literally strewn with not very large, up to 5 cm in diameter, inflorescences of white-pink color with a subtle vanilla aroma. They have only 4 petals, but they are very wide, they can be either single or collected in small groups of 3 to 5 buds. At first, the inflorescences are saturated in color, but gradually they seem to fade and brighten.
After the end of flowering in the current season, you need to slightly shorten the lashes.
On the basis of mountain pink clematis, many hybrid varieties have been created, among them the most popular are:
Grandiflora (characterized by active weaving, fast growth and white flowers),
The variety has low frost resistance. When the temperature drops below 20 degrees of frost, shoots and flower buds freeze slightly, therefore, mountain pink clematis is most often grown in the southern regions.
Clematis of the Atragene group
One of the simple but charming clematis of the first pruning group is the Atragene clematis. They are taken into a separate genus and are very popular among gardeners due to their simplicity in cultivation and the modest size of the vines, for which they even received the affectionate nickname "princes".
For clematis of the Atragene group, the following signs are characteristic:
- early and abundant, but short flowering,
- the ability to grow in the shade,
- high resistance to diseases and low temperatures,
- minimal care (without pruning, without removing shoots and shelter for the winter),
- decorative appearance after flowering due to beautiful seed bolls,
- all varieties are good honey plants.
The parents for most varieties of the Atragene group were two plant species: alpine clematis and large-flowered clematis.
One of the most beautiful representatives of Atragena clematis can rightfully be considered the following varieties:
- Markhams Mink,
- Pink Flamingo,
- White Swan,
- Ballet Skirt.
Clematis Markhams Mink
A compact bush no more than 3 m high blooms early, in April, and until early June decorates the site with small but very beautiful semi-double purple inflorescences.
Liana can also be grown without support, as a ground cover plant.
A small bush with a height of only 2 m looks good both without support in the form of a liana creeping along the ground, and against the wall on which it climbs. Differs in repeated flowering:
- the first wave of buds flaunts from April to May,
- the second bloom occurs in July and lasts until the end of summer.
Small inflorescences are similar to wide-open bells, often semi-double, painted in bright blue.
Liana can grow up to 3 m in height, weaves well. It blooms once, somewhat later than most varieties of this group - at the end of May. The inflorescences are large enough for representatives of Atragene, reaching 6 cm in diameter, red-purple in color, the outer petals are wide open, and the middle is semi-closed and slightly lighter at the base of the petals.
Clematis Pink Flamingo (Flamango)
One of the most beautiful and delicate clematis of Atragene, characterized by long flowering: small buds cover the bush from the end of April to the end of August, blooming almost without interruption, and only in June clematis rests a little between flowering. The inflorescences are small, but simply lovely: they are always semi-double, they are painted pink, while the base of the petals is a couple of shades darker, and the tips are almost white. The height of the bush itself does not exceed 2 m.
Another cultivar with long flowering: a short liana "growing" no more than 2 m at the end of April is covered with albeit small, but gorgeous inflorescences-bells of burgundy color with wide petals. Flowering lasts until the end of summer, and from July, decorative fluffy infructescences are formed in place of the buds. Against the background of dark green foliage, the buds look very beautiful. The shrub leaf has a dense and wrinkled structure.
Clematis White Swan
The Polish variety fully justifies its name: rather large (up to 7 cm in diameter) terry inflorescences really look like white swans, and thin petals resemble airy plumage. The bush grows up to 3 m in height and winds well. Flowering begins already in April, but by the end of May it fades away, but instead of buds on the liana, light seedlings flaunt, also with fluff.
Liana can rise up to 3 m in height, it weaves well along a support or just creeps along the ground. Early bloom, April-May. The inflorescences themselves are small, but very beautiful: semi-double, wide-open, violet-blue, they almost completely hide the foliage under them, turning the bush into a living flowering wall.
Clematis Ballet Skirt (Skirt)
One of the most compact varieties of the group grows on average about 1.5 m in height, in a sunny place it can stretch up another 0.5 m, but no more. Differs in double flowering:
- the first, the most abundant wave - in April-May,
- the second, small number - in August.
The inflorescences are very beautiful: semi-double, with thin long petals, in the form of half-open bells, they are painted pink, and yellow stamens peep out from the inside of the flower.
The name of the variety translates as “ballerina's pack”.
Clematis of the Armand group
Among the clematis of the first pruning group, there are species that are rarely found in our area, since they are distinguished by a special thermophilicity and capricious character - these are Armand's clematis. However, this does not stop real fans, and they are happy to grow flowering vines on their plots. True, this is possible mainly in warm regions and with the condition of good shelter for the winter.
Best of all, these varieties feel in winter gardens.
All representatives of Armanda are characterized by the following signs:
- vines are evergreen, leaves are dark, tough,
- vigorous bushes grow quite tall - from 5 to 9 m,
- early and abundant flowering,
- inflorescences emit a faint smell, reminiscent of a cross between the scent of honeysuckle and black elderberry,
- winter hardiness is low (the critical temperature for a plant is 12 degrees below zero),
- fragile shoots are difficult to cover,
- the bright midday sun is poorly tolerated by the vine.
Gardeners who are prepared for the possible difficulties of caring for Armand's clematis most often grow the Apple Blossom and Snowdrift varieties.
Clematis Apple Blossom
Liana can grow up to 6 m in height. It blooms very early, already at the end of March, but adorns the garden until June. Inflorescences are small, somewhat similar to jasmine flowers, with a slight sweetish aroma, painted in a pale pink color, with yellow stamens.
The shrub with a height of 3 to 5 m is very decorative: against the background of dark green foliage, virgin white small inflorescences with a diameter of no more than 6 cm look beautiful.They bloom in March, but at the end of May the flowering ends.
These are far from all clematis from the first pruning group, with a photo of clematis and a description of some of them you met today. Their list can be continued for a very long time. Delicate light color, rich bright colors - look, admire and choose a colorful, profusely blooming liana to your taste!
Universal Russian-German dictionary. Academic.ru. 2011.
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