A beautiful, delicate plant, with flowers that look like dewdrops -
Gypsophila. The original homeland of perennial gypsophila varieties is Europe, Asia and North Africa, Australia and the Pacific Islands. In Russia, it is found in the Caucasus, in the Kuban, in Siberia. A perennial native to the carnation family, there are 150 species in nature. Cultivated garden plants are planted all over the world.
In the language of flowers, it symbolizes purity of heart, sincerity and happiness. These meanings of the flower are the main explanation why florists love to combine it with roses, a symbol of sincere and pure love. Outwardly, small gypsophila flowers look like bells or carnations, and terry ones resemble roses. The little flowers do not even reach one centimeter in diameter.
Gypsophila are found in various colors and shades: white, pink, purple. They look great as a corsage flower, are suitable for making flower arrangements and bouquets, for a summer garden and for cutting.
The very name "Gypsophila" means "loving gypsum". The flower loves calcium-rich soils and is often found in areas rich in limestone deposits. It grows well on the most loose soils, blooms from late June until frost. Cold-resistant, unpretentious, tolerates heat and drought. Photophilous, prefers open spaces with plenty of sun.
Gypsophila is easy to grow from seed. If the seeds are sown in the soil in the spring, they will germinate in two weeks and reach their maximum size in the same year. Some varieties bloom a month and a half after sowing, while most other varieties of others bloom only in the second or third year.
In nature, gypsophila grow, as a rule, not in the most comfortable places on the planet - in mountainous or steppe terrain. They grow up to a meter in height. They have knobby, greenish-gray stems strongly branching at the top. Form a beautiful spherical bush with delicate inflorescences of small pale white or white-pink color. Fading away, they give a fruit-box, with a lot of seeds inside. The seeds hold tightly in the capsule and fall out only with vigorous shaking. After the seeds ripen, the stem dies off, and the wind carries the ball plant over great distances in open space, scattering the seeds. That is why the plant has a second name: tumbleweed. Most types of gypsophila are considered weeds, others are used as an ornamental plant in floristry. Ornamental types include gypsophila paniculata. This plant is not only used as an original decoration for flower beds and bouquets, but also as a medicinal plant in folk medicine. It sounds paradoxical, but gypsophila has been known to people since time immemorial. In biblical times and during the Middle Ages, people believed that plants have magical and healing powers. Healing flowers and herbs took pride of place in royal flower gardens.
Our ancestors valued gypsophila not for its delicate beauty, but for its completely practical, useful properties in the economy. Gypsophila - a plant called in ancient times by the name of the place of growth "Levantine soap root". In ancient times, the Levant was the name of the countries located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The roots of the hypophila are rich in saponins, complex organic compounds with surface-active properties. The name of such substances comes from the Latin word "Saponis" - "soapy". The aqueous solution of the “soap root”, when shaken, forms a strong foam, which cleans fabrics and absorbs grease during washing. Our ancestors used the “soap root” to wash especially delicate and expensive things. It is noteworthy that “soap root” is similar to soap only in name. Unlike soap, it does not contain alkali. The property of the plant root to form a thick, strong foam has also come in handy in the production of refreshing fizzy drinks and beer. In addition, the plant was used as a medicinal plant, because saponins, among other things, have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, expectorant, phlegm-thinning properties. They take an active part in many biochemical processes in the human body.
Today, gypsophila is rarely used as a medicinal plant. However, certain medicinal qualities of gypsophila make possible the idea of using its medicinal properties in the fight against leukemia. The beneficial properties of the plant are being investigated by British scientists who are developing experimental ways to combat leukemia and cancer. Experimentally, it was possible to find out that gypsophila extract increases the effect of drugs on the body. By destroying the membranes of the cells of a malignant tumor, it facilitates the penetration of anti-cancer drugs into the affected cells.
Currently, at least 35 species of garden gypsophila have been bred, differing in the shape and color of flowers and the height of the stem. The highest varieties can reach one and a half meters in height, the lowest, creeping ones - 30 centimeters. The flowers are colored in the range from snow-white to various shades of pink, from white, turning pink with the flowering time, to deep dark pink flowers. For commercial purposes, they are bred in Ecuador, England, Holland, Israel. The production of gypsophila in a short time made Ecuador the main supplier of these flowers.
In addition to traditional colors (from white to all shades of pink), unusual gypsophila is grown and exported in Ecuador. New breeding varieties of gypsophila are distinguished by a large number of flowers on a branch, brightness of color and doubleness. The secret of the planters is the production of plants of all colors and shades that exist in nature: green, blue, purple, red, orange, blue. Colored plants are produced by sprinkling with colored water. The technology was recently developed by the Dutch florist Peter Van Werken. Water colored in a certain color enters the flower along the stem and as a result flowers of the required shade are obtained.
However, the most popular are the Million Stars terry snow-white flowers. Two others, no less popular - "New Love" and "Party Time". These varieties are tall, the bush grows up to one and a half meters high. Less tall, but no less popular varieties in Russia -
• "Fairy of Bristol" and "Pink Fairy" 70-75 centimeters high, with white and white-pink double flowers,
• "Flamingo" - soft pink double flowers on a bush about 60 cm high,
• "Pink Star" - with double dark pink flowers,
• "Pink Veil" - a short, only 40 centimeters high, bush, the longest flowering of the listed.
• "Pink Haze" - a creeping variety, up to 35 cm high, with white double flowers, which change color to pink during flowering.
Gypsophila paniculata was first grown as a garden plant in England in 1760. Since then, she has enjoyed the constant love of gardeners and florists. In the United States, gypsophila appeared in the early 19th century. Then many plants that admired the gardeners of Great Britain of the Victorian era, along with settlers, ended up in the gardens of North America. Gardeners and poets were literally in love with gentle gypsophila. This flower was the most revered because it symbolizes eternal love, purity and innocence in the Victorian “language of flowers.” They were described as “flowers of amazing sophistication. "
From the growing flowers, lace flower canopies were built, they were used to decorate rooms, their vitality was at that time the most valuable quality among cut flowers, which was especially liked by amateur gardeners. Flower gardens that existed during the Victorian era helped create a complex list of meanings for describing favorite flowers.
Wild varieties of gypsophila were brought to the United States by Russian and Ukrainian settlers along with flax and wheat seeds. In the favorable conditions of the savannahs, they perfectly took root, and to this day they are a real evil for the agricultural lands of American farmers.
Gypsophila gives amazing completeness and integrity to any bouquet. Even bouquets of large flowers, such as lilies or dahlias, in combination with gypsophila, become airy and especially delicate. The role of gypsophila in the bouquet can be defined as you like - a plant-haze, a plant-accompanist, but without them the flower "performance" will lose a lot. In the gentle haze of blooming gypsophila, such bright soloists of floral design as roses, lilies, tall marigolds dissolve and look unusually impressive , dark-colored annuals.
Most varieties of the plant with tiny flowers are widely used as dried flowers, especially at Christmas, and for decorating things and crafts. Openwork, airy, it is mainly used as a complement to a bouquet to accentuate the greenery and fill the voids between flowers with an unobtrusive transparent background.
Gypsophila can be dried and kept in this form for a long time, as necessary using for arranging winter and dry bouquets. Hang the flowers upside down in a dark, warm and well-ventilated area, pulling together five to seven stems with a string or elastic band. After a week of days, check the condition of your flowers. If they feel like paper, they are ready to use dry. If they have not dried to the state of paper, you need to give them an additional couple of days. It is most convenient to dry the plants just before the very end of flowering, when the stems are at their maximum strength. You can dry flowers with seed pods, and then paint them red, gold or silver. Such compositions are always popular as New Year's and Christmas decorations.
New trends in flower arrangement suggest using gypsophila as the main or solo flower in the bride's bouquet, where they look surprisingly delicate. When many thin, airy twigs are gathered together, a lush, airy cloud is obtained, which can only be described by the epithets "cute" and "adorable".
We all know that gypsophila flowers are super affordable colors, but few people thought that they are very beautiful. It used to be considered a "filler" for bouquets, but for some time now the flower has taken center stage in many stunning weddings, and we are very happy to be able to tell about it.
Although, if you think gypsophila is an inexpensive, very affordable option for celebration flowers, consider that due to their small size, you will have to buy more of them than any other flowers to create really beautiful decorations. But the effort is worth it to end up with an exquisite and delicate decor of the room, emphasizing the elegance and charm of the bride and the special significance of the event.
It is very sad that for many years gypsophila was not considered as a solo flower in a bouquet, it was used only as an addition. Although in this capacity, gypsophila has no equal. Indeed, gypsophila is good in a boutonniere, as an element of decorating a hairstyle in a romantic, rustic style, when used as a wreath or necklace. It is the perfect romantic decor for a festive table decoration. Flowers can be used to decorate a stand for a cake or wedding candles on the table, and then it looks like they are floating in the most delicate clouds. You can make an original decoration: a ball-shaped bouquet or a garland. Woven from many small white flowers, they will delight the eye throughout the holiday. And do not believe the airy lace - appearances are deceiving! Gypsophila is one of the most tenacious flowers, retaining a fresh look for a long time after cutting. Looking for a gypsophila in Vladivostok? Check out our price list!
Do not skimp on flowers on the day of the celebration! Is there a more beautiful sight than bridesmaids with snow-white bouquets in their hands? With bouquets as delicate and white as the first snow in the early morning, blinding with its whiteness!
In addition, the white color matches any color of the palette and gives room for imagination - it can be combined with anything! Gypsophila is the perfect flower for creativity. Its white color goes well with mint, yellow and brown. Looks unusually solemn in combination with blue.
How to choose gypsophila for a bouquet? The best ones are those where half of the buds are open, which have both open flowers and closed buds. Do not buy branches with flowers showing signs of darkening. The stems should be packed dry and the flowers should be allowed time to hydrate before being processed.
General advice: Gypsophila stems should be thin, sinewy and green. The flowers are fluffy and white, the buds are elastic. Before dipping the flowers into the water, shake the bouquet slightly to straighten the stems and increase the flow of air. Remove any foliage that will be below the water line. Use a sharp knife to trim the stems underwater. Dissolve the hydrate and flower food containing the fungicide in warm water about two hours before use. Additional Notes: Gypsophila can be very hardy and durable, but must be stored in high relative humidity to avoid drying out the trunk.
For centuries, flowers, herbs and various plants have brought a lot of joy to people, because their beauty has the unique ability to improve the mood of those who are sick or sad. The aromas of flowers are used to make wonderful perfumes, the delicate leaves are used for medicines and food products, and a pungent and strong smell can lift your mood.