Bird Families

Thymelia

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Karl Johann Gustav Hartlaub (it. Karel Johan Gustav Hartlaub , November 8, 1814 (18141108), Bremen - November 29, 1900, Bremen) - German doctor and zoologist.

A life

After studying in Bonn, Berlin and Göttingen, Hartlaub received his Ph.D. in medical sciences in 1838. On his subsequent travels, he began in 1840 with the collection and study of exotic birds, which he bequeathed to the Museum of the Natural History Society in Bremen. As early as 1844, the collection numbered approximately 2,000 items. Hartlaub was the first to describe several bird species. In 1852, Hartlaub, together with his assistant Jean-Louis Cabanis, founded the Journal of Ornithology, to this day the leading German-language magazine in its field.

In 1857, Hartlaub, after a trip to Africa, published his major work, The System of Ornithology of West Africa, in which he described 758 bird species. In 1860, the "Systematic Review of the Birds of Madagascar" was published. He supported Friedrich Hermann Otto Finsch (1839-1917) in his work on the avian world of Polynesia.

Relatives

Hartlaub's father - Karl Friedrich Ludwig Hartlaub (1792-1874) - was a wealthy merchant in Bremen. He later became a senator in Bremen. His mother was the educated and artistic Johann Elizabeth Hartlaub, née Buch (1785-1874), who ran a literary salon in her house. She was the daughter of the Bremen pastor Philip Ludwig Buch. Both were married in 1813. In the period from 1814 to 1823, the mother gave birth to five children. Hartlaub's only sister was Lina Karolina Elizabeth Dorothea von Eisendeher.

On June 9, 1844, Hartlaub married Karolina Stakhov in Bremen.

Honors

Several bird species are named after Hartlaub:

  • Hartlaub's duck (Pteronetta hartlaubii)
  • Angolan Thrush Thymelia (Turdoides hartlaubii)
  • Bustard Hartlaub (Lissotis hartlaubii)
  • Hartlaub's seagull (Larus hartlaubii)
  • Hartlaub's Velvet Weaver (Euplectes hartlaubi)
  • Hartlaub's nectar (Nectarinia hartlaubii)
  • Blue-crested turaco (Tauraco hartlaubi)

Thymelia

As of February 2018, the genus includes 30 species:

  • Turdoides melanops Hartlaub, 1867 - Black-faced Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides squamiceps Cretzschmar, 1827 - Arabian Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides altirostris Hartert, 1909 - Reed Thrush Thymelia, or Iraqi Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides nipalensis Hodgson, 1836 - Spiny Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides jardineii A. Smith, 1836 - Brown Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides hypoleuca Cabanis, 1878 - Bronze Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides affinis Jerdon, 1845 - Yellow-billed Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides subrufa Jerdon, 1839 - Gray-fronted Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides rufescens Blyth, 1847 - Ceylon Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides malcolmi Sykes, 1832 - Great Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides bicolor Jardine, 1831 - Spotted Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides earlei Blyth, 1844 - Spotted Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides gularis Blyth, 1855 - White-throated Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides leucocephala Cretzschmar, 1826 - White-headed Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides gymnogenys Hartlaub, 1865 - Naked Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides hindei Sharpe, 1900 - Hind's Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides plebejus Cretzschmar, 1828 - Sudanese Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides squamulata Shelley, 1884 - Scaly Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides huttoni Blyth, 1847
  • Turdoides aylmeri Shelley, 1885 - Scale-breasted Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides rubiginosa Ruppell, 1845 - Red Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides leucopygia Ruppell, 1837 - White-lumbar Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides reinwardtii Swainson, 1831 - White-eyed Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides sharpei Reichenow, 1891 - Sharp's Thymelia
  • Turdoides fulva Desfontaines, 1789 - Saharan Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides tenebrosa Hartlaub, 1883 - Coastal Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides caudata Dumont, 1823 - Long-tailed Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides longirostris F. Moore, 1854 - Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides hartlaubii Barboza du Bocage, 1868 - Angolan Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides striata Dumont, 1823 - Banded Thrush Thymelia

1. Biology

The nesting parasite of the African crested cuckoo specializes in species of this genus. Its eggs were found at least in the nests of 8 species of this genus in the piebald Turdoides bicolor, the bald-faced Turdoides gymnogenys, the Angolan Turdoides hartlaubii, the brown Turdoides jardineii, the white-lumbar Turdoides leucopygius, the black-eyed Turdoides melanops, the Sudanese Turdoides plebejus, and the Sudanese Turdoides plebejus. The eggs of the African crested cuckoo are pale blue, bright turquoise or lilac in color. And, in general, they correspond to the color of eggs of various thrushes. In Nigeria, there is a high similarity with the color of the eggs of the Sudanese thrush thymelia, which have a pale purple-pink color, which differs from other species of the genus.

Classification

As a result of phylogenetic research Cibois and colleagues in 2018, the composition of the genus changed: species previously belonging to the genus were added to the thrushes Kupeornis and Phyllanthus, and 15 species are allocated to the restored genus Argya.

For December 2020, 19 species are included in the genus:

  • Turdoides atripennis (Swainson, 1837) - Capuchin Bubbler
  • Turdoides bicolor (Jardine, 1831) - Spotted Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides chapini (Schouteden, 1949) - Chapin's starling bubbler
  • Turdoides gilberti (Serle, 1949) - White-throated Starling Bubbler
  • Turdoides gymnogenys (Hartlaub, 1865) - Naked Thrush thymelia
  • Turdoides hartlaubii (Barboza du Bocage, 1868) - Angolan Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides hindei (Sharpe, 1900) - Hind's Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides hypoleuca (Cabanis, 1878) - Bronze Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides jardineii (A. Smith, 1836) - Brown Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides leucocephala Cretzschmar, 1826 - White-headed Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides leucopygia (Rüppell, 1837) - White-lumbar Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides melanops (Hartlaub, 1867) - Black-faced Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides nipalensis (Hodgson, 1836) - Spiny Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides plebejus (Cretzschmar, 1828) - Sudanese Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides reinwardtii (Swainson, 1831) - White-eyed Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides rufocinctus (Rothschild, 1908) - Red-collared starling bubbler
  • Turdoides sharpei (Reichenow, 1891) - Sharp's Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides squamulata (Shelley, 1884) - Scaly Thrush Thymelia
  • Turdoides tenebrosa (Hartlaub, 1883) - Coastal Thrush Thymelia

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