Bird Families

Dirt and weeds: what experts found in grocery stores

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Injuries are the most common cause of interruption in a sports career. In the early 2000s, this threat became a reality for US girl Holly Hodges. The promising figure skater was preparing for the selection to the Olympic team - but all plans were interrupted by a serious car accident.

Holly Hodges on Ice. Fragment of the program The Outsiders

After the incident, the girl had to not only treat a foot injury, but also help her parents - which is why she got a job as a stripper in a club.

Starting to move in these circles, she quickly acquired acquaintances and in 2005 attended the adult film awards ceremony, where she was spotted by Playboy agents. At the same time, she began filming under the pseudonym Sunny Lane.

The girl quickly became involved and gained recognition. Her work has earned several awards, including the AVN Academy Award for Best Anal Scene and Best POV Scene.

Sunny Lane (right) at the 2006 awards ceremony. Photo - Reuters

Obviously, parents contributed to their daughter's professional success to a large extent. Preaching nudism, they were not at all embarrassed by her choice, supporting her as well as in a sports career.

“I couldn't miss her first appearance on Playboy TV,” said the girl's mother, Shelby. "And I'm like," Hurray, hurray, hurray !! She's in Playboy! " - added Mike, father, - Yes, dreams come true if you try.

The girl even lived for a long time with her parents, who collected her for the shooting. Now, many years of work in the industry has turned her into a wealthy person - Sunny Lane not only acts in films, but also leads events, appears on the covers of magazines and tries herself in the director's chair.

I want to go back to sports!

However, sometimes even those from the 18+ industry come back to sports. In February 2018, the media spread loud news - the Winter Olympics in Beijing interrupted the 12-year (!) Vacation of the Japanese snowboarder Mero Imai.

Coached by her father, the girl, at the age of 14, won the Japanese halfpipe championship (snowboard discipline), and 4 years later she won the World Cup stage. By the 2006 Olympics, the girl had already had three stages.

Mero Imai celebrates World Cup victory. Photo - Getty Images

Unfortunately, at the main start of the 4th anniversary, all hopes were dashed. The girl not only walked past the pedestal, but also fell unsuccessfully, having received a painful injury.

Getty Images

Reuters

Worse, upon returning to the unfortunate athlete, the public also collapsed. She was called a "national disgrace" and accused of wasting taxpayer money. Mayo took these words very hard: "For many athletes, the Olympics are the peak of their careers, but for me it has become a nightmare."

Depression forced the 19-year-old to leave the sport. She quickly began working as a hostess in bars, and later moved on to escort services. In a later interview, Mero admitted: "I earn as president of the company and sometimes I can make more than $ 8,000 per night."

Over the years, she became the mother of a boy and a girl, who are raised alone. But she started shooting in adult films quite late - only in April 2017 the popular Japanese label announced the release of the film Snow Drop:

"Athletic body, steel muscles, tested on a world level - and now she is finally ready for anything."

Movie poster

Film fragment

However, a couple of months before the release of the film, the Japanese woman unexpectedly announced her return to the sport. Moreover, the return was triumphant - after training for only 4 days, the 30-year-old athlete won a major local tournament by a huge margin from all her pursuers!

Imai is now saying that he wants to leave his old classes and devote himself to preparing for the 2022 Games in Beijing. At the same time, the woman notices that she does not regret what happened, since she went to it in order to feed her children.

Who is in the State Duma, and who is in films for adults

The most titled heroine of this article is the Dutch gymnast Verona van de Loer. Born in 1985, in 2000 she became the absolute champion of the Dutch youth championship, and in 2001 - the adult championship.

2002, however, became the most glorious page in the girl's sports biography. She became the second in the overall standings of the European Championship, losing only 0.05 points to the two-time Olympic champion Svetlana Khorkina.

Pedestal of the 2002 European Championship. Van de Leur on the left, Khorkina in the center, on the right - the bronze medalist, Ukrainian Alena Kvasha. Photo - Reuters

In total, Verona won 5 medals at that championship. Among them, there was no gold one - as reported, in the floor exercise, the girl became the third due to a technical oversight of the jury. True, the athlete soon "corrected" this mistake by winning the floor exercise at the World Cup final and becoming the best athlete in Holland at the end of the year.

Unfortunately, after that, van de Leer's results declined sharply. She failed at the Athens Olympics and never won any more international tournaments. At the home championship, the girl won the highest awards only once - in 2007. The press spoke about the unbalanced character of the athlete, the conflict with her parents and the sports federation.

It was the conflict with the federation that was named the main reason why van de Loer quit the sport in 2008.

Getty Images

The gymnast said: “The image of a cute gymnast with Bambi eyes was created by people interested in this. I had to get medals for the country - that was a priority. Nobody was interested in what kind of person I was. I became a product of the federation, parents and all those who showed interest in me. I didn’t realize that these people weren’t interested as a person until I left gymnastics. ”

The biography of van de Leer after parting with sports is more like the plot of a crime novel. In 2009, she sued her father, whom she accused of embezzling money. According to the girl, he disposed of her prize and income from sponsors. The father responded with a lawsuit: he said that Verona's boyfriend attacked him with a bat. The athlete won the case: the court ordered her father to return 62 thousand euros to her.

The trial finally finished off the relationship of the girl with her parents - they kicked her daughter out of the house, changing the locks on the doors.

It turned out that the former athlete is not too ready for an independent life - she quickly spent the money she won and became homeless. Verona slept in the car in the parking lot, ate tasting food in supermarkets and ended up in jail. In 2010, van de Laer was arrested on suspicion of extortion: in the park, she photographed a couple who, in her opinion, had a secret affair. After that, she demanded 3000 euros from them for the pictures. The couple went to the police.

Verona's computer was seized - two videos and 144 naked children's pictures were found on the hard drive. Also, during a search of the car, the police found an unregistered weapon. Van de Laurer confessed to extortion, but not to storing children's nudity: together with a lawyer, the girl insisted that several people used the computer. After the trial, the former gymnast spent 72 days in detention.

In 2011, Verona had an unexpected part-time job. - a popular site for intimate chats invited her to become a web model. Portal users had to pay 70 cents per minute of communication with the girl, during which she undressed.

It turned out that the new business is very suitable for Verona: “Being a gymnast is also exhibitionism. In addition, every day you are faced with harassment and sexual behavior, because you are a young girl who spreads her legs wide in public.

If the people who condemn me knew how things are in gymnastics, they would be restrained in their assessments. People at the computer can be the same as in the hall. To be honest, I hardly see the difference between what was in the sport and what I am doing now. "

Moreover, in her new occupation, the athlete saw an opportunity to fight for women's rights: “By doing my job, I resist social taboos and show that a woman can safely do this work at a time when slavery, forced prostitution and harassment still exist. We women have every right to define ourselves the boundaries of what is permissible. Times have changed. Now men are my tool, and not vice versa. "

Today, women have clearly grown out of sex chats. She started a personal website, starred in adult films, and also produces slightly more "censored" content. For example, she posts naughty vlogs on her YouTube channel ...

Video fragment YouTube / Verona van de Leur

... and footage of burlesque stage performances.

Video fragment YouTube / Verona van de Leur

Now Verona, apparently, feels like an established personality, and wants to share her experience with others - in 2020, the release of the athlete's autobiography has been announced.

Oatmeal from Russian stores: which of them are tasty and safe, and which are mixed with mud, weeds and bitterness, the program "NashPotrebNadzor" found out.

Oatmeal is one of the proofs that healthy lifestyle is not necessarily expensive dishes made from rare ingredients. Oats in Russia and Europe have always been considered the cheapest commodity to feed horses. If an aristocrat
admitted that he eats oatmeal for breakfast, they would just laugh at him contemptuously. But now celebrities from all over the world are directly addicted to modest cereals - they make smoothies, cupcakes, omelets with it. Everything is as trendy now - vegan and gluten-free. But in some packs, you can find more dangerous than gluten, harmless for 99 percent of people. For example, residues of poisonous herbicides or mycotoxins that appear poor drying and storage.

Eight samples of oatmeal brands were purchased from ordinary stores:

1. "Best Choice"
2. "Market Crossroads"
3. "Russian breakfast"
4. "Goodwill"
5. "Every day"
6. "Russian product"
7. "Klinskie Extra"
8. "Mistral".

First of all, experts appreciated the taste and smell of the popular breakfast. It turned out that "Every Day" oatmeal tastes bitter and gives off mustiness when dry. But Mistral flakes had a bitter taste only when they were cooked into porridge. With such a breakfast, the morning cannot be called good.

Then the experts checked whether the nutritional value was honestly stated on the labels. The “Every Day” and “Mistral” oatmeal, which has burnt on its taste, has the markings in order, the promised data coincide with the actual ones. The same as in the second, fourth, sixth samples. But on a pack of cereals from the "Russian Breakfast" brand, experts discerned a deception.

Natalia Filatova, expert of "Roskachestvo": "It turned out that the preparation time for this sample was 15 minutes, while the packaging indicated the preparation time of only three minutes."

Perhaps the manufacturer is not aware of which raw materials are put into packs, confuses varieties and the degree of their processing. The “Best Choice” and “Klinskie Extra” flakes also received warnings for large inaccuracies in specifying the amount of nutrients.

But what about substances, the quantity of which is not written on the package, and their unacceptable excess can only be shown by a laboratory examination? For example, flour - the smallest particles that remain after processing oats.

Natalia Filatova: "The mass fraction of flour affects the consistency of the porridge, that is, the flour can settle at the bottom of the package, so the porridge will not be of the same consistency as it was originally."

Too much flour in the “Russian Product” and “Klinskie Extra” flakes. There is a lot of salt in the oatmeal of the Best Choice and Russian Breakfast brands, and the Every Day flakes are too wet - this threatens the appearance of mold and microbes. And the oats in the "Klinsky" flakes are poorly cleaned, and in the "Every Day" pack, weeds were found.

Natalia Filatova: "Weed impurity is the remains, for example, of stems, grass, metal particles, of course, all this should not get into the finished product, which the consumer is already using directly for cooking."

As a result, out of eight samples, experts can recommend only Market Perekrestok and Goodwill flakes. Oatmeal from other brands is not dangerous for health, but there are enough wishes for quality, so everyone decides to buy it or not.

Origin of the species and description

Despite the fact that the bird received the scientific classification in 1758, it has been known since ancient times. The fossilized remains of a bird and oatmeal eggs were found in Germany and date back to the 5th millennium BC.

The family of passerines, which includes bunting, is considered one of the largest in the feathered world. However, the bird has its own individual characteristics that distinguish it from the common sparrow.

Video: Oatmeal

The features of oatmeal are as follows:

  • bird sizes are within 15-18 centimeters,
  • the weight of a bird in its natural habitat does not exceed 30 grams,
  • males and females are colored differently,
  • there are a large number of yellow (sometimes golden) feathers on the breast, chin and top of the head of the oatmeal,
  • the bird's chest can be variegated,
  • Bunting has a long tail (up to 5 centimeters), which is not typical for most passerines.

The bird molts twice a year. The first stage of molting occurs in the spring. Males are covered with bright yellow feathers necessary to attract females. The brighter the bunting male, the easier it is for him to attract a female to him.

In autumn (approximately September-October), the bright color disappears and the plumage turns dark yellow, almost brown. In the winter season, it is almost impossible to distinguish between a male and a female, since they have the same color.

Appearance and features

Photo: What oatmeal looks like

The appearance and size of buntings depend on the subspecies to which the birds belong. Today, scientists distinguish 6 large types of oatmeal:

Reed. A distinctive feature of this species of birds is that they settle and build nests on the banks of rivers and lakes, the shores of which are overgrown with reeds or reeds. Actually, this is where the name of the bird species came from. Most often, reed buntings live in the countries of southern Europe (Spain, Italy, Portugal) and in such African countries as Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. And if the birds nesting in Europe fly to Africa for the winter, then the inhabitants of Africa live their whole life in one place, not bothering themselves with long flights.

Polar. This type of oatmeal lives in regions with cold climates. Polar Bunting has been spotted in central Siberia and Mongolia. This type of bird is distinguished by its small size (up to 12 centimeters) and unpretentiousness to food. For wintering, polar buntings fly to the southern regions of China and return to their nesting sites only in late April or early May.

Millet. One of the most numerous subspecies of oatmeal. The weight of the bird reaches 50 centimeters, and the size can exceed 20 grams. Some scientists tend to consider the millet as a separate species of birds, but most bird watchers continue to classify the millet as a species of bunting. An important feature of birds is that males and females of the millet do not differ in color. These birds live in the Krasnodar Territory of Russia and the Rostov Region, as well as in the north of the African continent.

Yellow-browed. The only species of bunting that nests in the coniferous forests of Siberia. It is distinguished by its large size (weight up to 18 grams) and a black head, on which yellow brow ridges stand out. During the winter, yellow-browed bunting flies to India or to the warm Chinese islands.

Remez. One of the most nomadic types of oatmeal. The main nesting place for birds is the forests of Scandinavia and the European part of Russia, and for the winter it flies to South Asia.Some birds of this species manage to fly about 5 thousand kilometers in a month! The color of the bird is also very unusual. Remez oatmeal has a black head and a perfectly white neck, which contrasts with the color of the rest of the plumage.

Common oatmeal. Lives throughout the continent of Eurasia, with the exception of the arctic regions and mountain ranges higher than one kilometer. The peculiarity of this subspecies of buntings is that it is conditionally nomadic. Simply put, whether birds fly away for wintering or not depends on their specific habitat.

For example, buntings living in Russia fly away to winter in Spain or African countries, while those nesting in the Crimea or Sochi do not fly away for winter at all.

Now you know exactly what oatmeal looks like. Let's see where this bird lives.

Where does oatmeal live?

Photo: Oatmeal in Russia

Birds are common on all continents (with the exception of Antarctica), but most of them live in Europe, the Russian Federation and New Zealand.

Interesting fact: Until two decades ago, there were no oatmeal in New Zealand. They were brought on purpose, but no one thought that the birds would multiply so quickly. The surprisingly mild climate of New Zealand, the abundance of food and water and the complete absence of natural enemies - all this contributed to the fact that the number of birds is growing exponentially, displacing budgies and finches.

Even harsh natural conditions are not a hindrance for these life-loving birds. Suffice it to say that they live on the territory of the Kola Peninsula, Denmark and Finland, and these regions and countries are famous for long winters and short summers.

In recent years, birds have been very comfortable in the Caucasus Mountains and in the Krasnodar Territory of Russia. The numerous nature reserves of the Caucasus Mountains and the region's warm climate are ideal for buntings. The birds very quickly settled throughout the Caucasian ridge and up to the foothills of Iran.

The rapid spread of bird habitat is facilitated by the fact that buntings are not afraid of humans and are able to nest even in the immediate vicinity of railways and high-voltage transmission lines.

What does oatmeal eat?

Photo: Bird Bunting

Oatmeal is not very picky about food. They feed on large amounts of plant seeds and forage grains with equal success.

Most often, birds prefer:

  • wheat,
  • oats,
  • barley,
  • plantain seeds,
  • green pea,
  • nettles,
  • clover,
  • yarrow,
  • bluegrass.

In order to efficiently collect seeds and grains, oatmeal has a short but strong beak. Thus, the bird gutted spikelets very quickly and swallowed seeds. In just a couple of minutes, the bird is able to cope with a spikelet of wheat or select plantain seeds.

For several months a year, oatmeal needs protein feed, and then the bird begins to hunt insects. To catch flying insects, the bird does not have enough flight speed and dexterity, and only terrestrial insects go for food. Bunting successfully catches grasshoppers, mayflies, caddis flies, medium-sized spiders, woodlice, caterpillars and gaping butterflies.

The need for protein food is due to the fact that it is necessary for laying eggs and feeding chicks. Therefore, birds begin to catch insects about a month before laying eggs. Thus, they provide the strength of the egg shell and guarantee the normal development of the embryos.

After the young birds fly away from the nest, the need for protein food disappears and the oatmeal stops catching insects, again switching to a vegetarian diet.

Features of character and lifestyle

Photo: Oatmeal on a branch

Oatmeal thrives on the edges of large forests, in open woodlands, as well as in forest-steppes. Often the bird can be found on river floodplains, along roads and even not far from power lines. Oatmeal thrives best in deep grass or bushes, where it is easy to hide, nest, or find food.

Oatmeal feels confident in the air, is capable of long flights and is able to climb to considerable heights. But on the ground, the bird is also not lost. It moves quickly enough on the ground, is able to move quickly in search of food and is agile when catching insects. Oatmeal very quickly gets used to a person and is absolutely not lost in his presence. In search of food, birds can fly into vegetable gardens, summer cottages and even cities, if the need arises.

Birds spend most of the day in search of food, and therefore buntings are often found in bushes or in tall grass. Buntings are not flocking birds, they spend most of the year in pairs, but live in close proximity to each other, sometimes arranging nests a few meters from each other.

Only with the approach of the axis, the buntings huddle in flocks of 40-50 birds and go to warm countries. Buntings often join finches and travel long distances with them.

Interesting fact: Male buntings are the first to leave the nesting area, but they are also the first to return. Females leave only after a few days (and sometimes weeks), and it is still not clear what this fact is connected with.

Social structure and reproduction

Photo: Yellow Bunting

Buntings are rare birds that are capable of breeding two offspring per season. This is facilitated by the short period of incubation of eggs and the rapid metabolism of chicks, which very quickly become on the wing.

Males are the first to return to nesting sites, and often this happens even before the first snow melts. After a few weeks, the females return and pairs begin to form. Birds do not have stable relationships, and, as a rule, buntings form new pairs every year.

To attract females, males use not only bright yellow plumage, but also beautiful, loud singing. Usually, the pair is formed by the beginning of May and starts to build a nest together. Tall grass, shrubs and even plots of land that are well warmed by the sun are chosen as a nesting place.

During the period of incubation and maturation of chicks, buntings lead a very secretive lifestyle and it is very difficult to track them even using special equipment. Chicks hatch from eggs after two weeks. Moreover, they are not naked, but covered with fluff, which in a few weeks transforms into feathers.

Only the male is engaged in feeding the family, since the female spends most of the time in the nest. It is during this period that buntings hunt insects and bring them to the nest. At first, the male feeds the chicks with food digested in the goiter, but after a few weeks brings the whole prey.

Within a month after birth, the chicks stand on the wing and gradually begin to get food on their own. Without waiting for the chicks to finally fly out of the nest, the male and female begin new mating games and prepare to incubate the second brood.

Natural enemies of buntings

Photo: What oatmeal looks like

The bird has many natural enemies. In particular, predators such as hawks, kites, gyrfalcons and owls hunt bunting. Due to the fact that the bunting is not too agile in the air, it becomes an easy prey for aerial hunters. The oatmeal is saved only by caution, the ability to hide in the bushes and tall grass, as well as the fact that the bird does not rise too high.

On the ground, oatmeal lies in wait for no less dangers. The maximum height of the bird's nest is about one meter. Consequently, all types of terrestrial predators (including domestic cats) can easily feast on eggs or young chicks. Quite often, foxes and badgers specifically hunt down bunting nests and eat eggs and chicks. Due to their small size, the birds cannot prevent this in any way, although the male tries to protect the nesting site.

Modern chemicals used in agricultural holdings can also damage poultry. Feeding on grain treated with chemicals, birds are poisoned and die before they can leave offspring.

Interesting fact: In recent years, people have brought a lot of harm to oatmeal. Fried oatmeal is considered an exotic and highly coveted dish in many European restaurants. Since the bird has a tiny weight, it is placed in a cage installed in a dark room. In a state of stress, oatmeal starts to eat continuously and in a few days it increases its weight by 3-4 times.

Then the bird is drowned in red wine and fried whole, along with the entrails. The cost of one such fried bird can be up to 200 euros!

Population and status of the species

Photo: Bird Bunting

The exact number of buntings is unknown to ornithologists. According to rough estimates, there are from 30 to 70 million individuals in the world, therefore, the disappearance or a sharp decrease in the number of the population of birds is not threatened.

But over the past 10 years, the number of birds nesting in Europe has dropped dramatically. This is due to the fact that birds began to be used for food. For example, in France, all the birds were banally caught, and for several years in a row, oatmeal was on the menu of all the country's leading restaurants. According to scientists, 50-60 thousand oatmeal are consumed annually and this significantly slows down the growth of the population as a whole.

In 2010, a special declaration was adopted in the EU countries, according to which it is prohibited:

  • catch oatmeal for fattening and subsequent killing,
  • ravage bird nests or collect them for collecting,
  • buy and sell birds,
  • make stuffed oatmeal.

These measures reduced the number of buntings caught, but did not completely protect the birds. In some provinces of France, birds of this species have become rare and almost never found. By and large, the uninhabited regions of Siberia and Mongolia are one of the few regions where buntings feel safe and are not threatened by anything other than natural enemies created by nature itself.

Oatmeal have a very bright color and are distinguished by sonorous and pleasant singing. In addition, they are of great benefit by trapping harmful insects and by eating the seeds of weed plants. In addition, oatmeal can be kept at home as a songbird, and it will delight you with its singing for several years.

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