Bird Families

Superb pitta (Pitta superba),


Pitty (lat. Pittidae) is a family of passerine birds that lives mainly in tropical Asia and Australia, although several species also live in Africa.


The pittas are all similar to each other in general disposition and habits. In the past, they were often placed in the same genus, although from 2009 to the present this family has been divided into three genera: Pitta, Erythropitta and Hydrornis. The name comes from the Telugu word for pitta, which is common in southern India, and denotes a common local name for all small birds. By passerine standards, pita birds are medium-sized, 15 to 25 cm long. Dense, with a compact teardrop-shaped body, they have strong and high legs. They are characterized by very short tails and a powerful, slightly curved beak. Many, but not all, have brightly colored plumage.

These are mainly terrestrial birds collecting food on damp forest litter. They feed on molluscs, insects, and other invertebrates. Pitta are mostly solitary. When nesting, they lay up to six eggs in a large spherical nest, which is built in trees or bushes, or sometimes directly on the ground. Both the male and the female take part in caring for the offspring. Many pitta species are migratory.

Human interaction

A number of pitta species are endangered. One of them, Pitta Gurney, is listed in the IUCN Red List, eight more have the status of “vulnerable species”. The main threat to pittas is habitat destruction due to rapid deforestation.

During migration, pittas often appear in the most unexpected places, such as backyard gardens.

Usage Information

Photo "Superb pitta (Pitta superba) on Manus island in Papua New Guinea" can be used for personal and commercial purposes according to the conditions of the purchased Royalty-free license. The image is available for download in high resolution quality up to 5760x3840.

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External signs of blue-tailed pitta

The blue-tailed pitta is an attractive bird measuring 20-23 cm in size with colorful plumage.

Blue-tailed pitta (Hydrornis guajanus).

The male has a black cap on his head and an extensive mask with a wide bright yellow eyebrow, which turns orange when passing to the back of the head. The top is blue, the chest is orange. Rump and tail with dark blue plumage. The wings are black-brown with a white spot, some feathers are white. Covering feathers with broad white tips.

The chin and throat are also white. Females have a white underside with a thin black edging. Young birds are covered with pure white plumage with spotting on the coverts.

Blue-tailed pittas live on the islands of Java and Bali in Indonesia.

The blue-tailed pitta lives in Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, is found in Sumatra, the islands of Oceania, in Africa.

Blue-tailed pitt habitat

Blue-tailed pitta inhabits the dense rainforests of Asia and Oceania. This species lives in low-lying floodplain forests, but also occurs in higher elevations, possibly up to an altitude of 1500 meters above sea level. Blue-tailed pitta can be seen in plain evergreen forests and marshlands.

Sometimes the blue-tailed pitta can be found in open spaces, in the mountains.

Eating blue-tailed pitta

The blue-tailed pitta feeds on invertebrates and berries, which it collects on the ground and finds them in the forest floor.

Reproduction of blue-tailed pitta

Blue-tailed pitta is believed to breed throughout the year. The blue-tailed pitta population is under threat from deforestation and habitat degradation.

The extraction of timber and the expansion of agricultural land have a major negative impact.

Blue-tailed pittas usually lay 3-4 eggs.

Blue-tailed pitta is an illegal trade. Poachers not only capture adult birds, but also ravage blue-tailed pitta nests by taking eggs. This species is now considered rare in Thailand, where most of the nests in the lowland forests were previously recorded. A similar situation is developing in Malaysia, where the blue-tailed pitta has practically disappeared from the Panti forest reserve since 1994.

Blue-tailed Pitta Conservation Measures

The blue-tailed pitta is protected by the CITES Convention (Appendix II). A rare bird species found in protected areas, including the open-air zoo in Thailand, Khao kiao - "Monkey Mountain", Taman Negara - a national park in Malaysia and Wai Kambas - national park (Sumatra).

The blue-tailed pitta builds a nest from twigs intertwined with dry leaves and grass.

In protected areas, the number of blue-tailed pitta is assessed, changes in the number of rare birds are monitored, the state of the environment is assessed, and explanatory work is carried out among the local population. In addition, primary forests, as a protected area, are under enhanced protection.

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Pitta giant

Pitta giant is a species of birds from the Pitta family. Distributed only in Indonesia.

The natural habitat is subtropical and tropical rainforests, mainly in low-lying areas. The exact number of the species is unknown, but it is quite large, so the species is not threatened with extinction.

It is still unclear what kind of pitta is the closest relative of the giant pitta. It was believed that Pitta superba and Pitta sordida, or even Pitta steerii, were related species, but significant differences were found, so the assumption was rejected. Also found two subspecies.

  • Temminck, 1836 - slender pitta Pitta iris Gould, 1842 - rainbow pitta Pitta maxima S. Muller et Schlegel, 1845 - pitta giant Pitta megarhyncha Schlegel
  • pitta Pitta elegans Temminck, 1836 - slim pitta Pitta iris Gould, 1842 - rainbow pitta Pitta maxima S. Muller et Schlegel, 1845 - pitta giant Pitta
  • Jeremy Pitt Andrew Baines and Peter Blood. The only witness for the prosecution at trial. Lord Jeffreys - Chief Justice who convicted Jeremy Pitt Andrew
  • it was dangerous. Bart was euthanized while filming the Brad Pitt documentary Raising a Grizzly Bear on May 10, 2000. Bart's trainers were Doug Soos.
  • castanotus Petrophassa rufipennis Geophaps smithii Pitta iris, Rainbow pitta Meliphaga albilineata Petrophassa albipennis Amytornis woodwardi Lonchura
  • It is announced that Rylance will star in the film The Good and Big Giant, a film adaptation of Steven Spielberg's book by Roald Dahl. Film
  • of this bureaucratic system. While investigating the murder of his colleague Arthur Pitt at the hands of an outrageous mob of neoluddite fanatics, he discovers that
  • Playfair, dreaming of becoming Sherlock Holmes in the film Perhaps they are giants and Dr. Herbert Bock in the black comedy Hospital Despite the obvious
  • statue of Michelangelo. The statue of Hercules in the form of a giant leaning on a club is mentioned in the biographical novel of Karel Schulz, Stone and Pain Charles
  • Upon arrival, Long spent time as aide-de-camp to General Sir William Pitt who commanded the Portsmouth defenses, and their friendship served Long well.
  • There she was tried, according to one of the myths at the instigation of Hera, to dishonor the giant Titius. Apollo and Artemis came to the aid of their mother in time and pierced
  • Christoph Waltz, Samuel L. Jackson Adventures, Action The Big and Good Giant Touchstone Pictures DreamWorks Pictures Steven Spielberg Mark Rylance
  • began to write a poem by Gerd the Swede. Gerda from the opening poem The Giant Finn the Swede. Jatten Finn In the last years of his life, the poet again began
  • See also: Abant, son of Linkeus Moved from Argos to Thessaly. Amarinkaeus son of Pittius Arrived in Thessaly from Elis. Armen. Jason's companion, founded Armenia. Kerkopes
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