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Megascops - a genus of birds of the owl family. Previously included in the genus scoop (Otus).
They live in North, Central and South America.
List of species
The genus includes 22 species:
- Megascops albogularis - white-chinned scoop
- Megascops asio - North American scoop
- Megascops atricapilla - black-capped scoop
- Megascops barbarus - bearded scoop
- Megascops choliba - South American owl
- Megascops clarkii - bare-footed scoop
- Megascops colombianus
- Megascops cooperi - mangrove scoop
- Megascops guatemalae - red-faced scoop
- Megascops hoyi
- Megascops ingens - Salvin's scoop
- Megascops kennicottii
- Megascops koepckeae
- Megascops marshalli
- Megascops nudipes - Puerto Rican scoop
- Megascops petersoni
- Megascops roboratus - bushworm
- Megascops sanctaecatarinae
- Megascops seductus
- Megascops trichopsis - baleen owl
- Megascops vermiculatus
- Megascops watsonii - brown-bellied scoop
Table. 2. The weight of the cranes.
|View||Floor||Age (years)||Weight (g)||number of birds|
Great snipe and hunting for him
Great snipe are considered the best bog game. Hunters appreciate it for its taste, by which it surpasses the snipe, and for its great rarity. Snipe is larger than snipe, more densely built and weigh about 300 g. Their beak is shorter and wider at the base, and their neck is shorter. In color, these two birds are quite similar, but the snipe's abdomen is not white, but dirty gray, with small spots. These birds arrive from wintering grounds later than snipe and fly south by the end of September. Great snipe on the ground. Males behave almost like a black grouse: they lower their wings, spread their tails, ruffle, assume bizarre poses and pace around the females with an important look. Emitting peculiar sounds, something like "bibiperere", they occasionally click their beak. The current is conducted all night, and in the morning great snipe scatters in pairs.
The great snipe nest is built on a dry place, outwardly it looks like a snipe nest. The mother is fully responsible for hatching the four variegated testicles. Incubation itself lasts 17-18 days. The rapidly developing chicks begin their independent life within a month. By August, great snipes leave strong places and move to open feeding places.
Great snipe hunting
Hunting for great snipe in spring is prohibited, as well as for snipe. The summer-autumn season begins in August and lasts until the birds fly south. With such a hunt, it should be remembered that the great snipe is picky about the places of settlement. It is best to look for it in wet meadows and relatively dry swamps with lots of bumps, bushes and trees. This bird also settles in wet lowlands. Great snipe do not change their habitats from year to year. They are hunted with a dog, and it makes no difference here whether you take a spaniel or a cop. A snipe with a characteristic convex flapping of wings takes off from under the dog. The frightened bird flies slowly, keeps low above the ground and, having described a small arc, sits near the take-off site. Having moved, the great snipe is firmly pressed to the ground, almost without emitting a smell. It can be difficult for a dog to smell and pick it up again. Great snipes can be hunted locally, that is, by a bird nesting in a given area, or by "outfalls" when migratory birds are the game.
The first type of hunting for great snipe is carried out in parallel with the hunt for other game, but it is necessary to go out on the heaps on purpose. It is important not to miss here when great snipe from the northern regions begin to migrate to the south. Stopping for a short time to rest and feed in the intermediate regions, the birds sometimes gather in rather large and dense heaps. Hunting for great snipe without a dog is much more difficult than hunting for snipe, and therefore is almost never used. A snipe sitting very tightly rises only by accident from under the very feet of the hunter. If a person has passed a little to the side, the bird may not take off. Due to its laziness and calm nature, the great snipe is considered the best bird for training young dogs. It is also used for field trials of cops and spaniels.
Other articles on this topic:
- A trifle is yes!
- Features of summer great snipe hunting
- Red game
- Great snipe hunting
- First trophies of the season
Table 3. Normal body weight of owls.
|owl species||weight gr.|
|Owl (Bubo bubo)||1.2-4.6 kg|
|African eagle owl (Bubo africanus)||Male: 487–620 Female: 640–850|
|White or snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus, mouth Nyctea scandiaca)||1100–2000|
|Pharaonic eagle owl (Bubo ascalaphus)||1900–2300|
|Virgin owl (Bubo virginianus)||900–1800|
|Nepalese eagle owl (Bubo nipalensis)||1300–1500|
|Bengal owl (Bubo bengalensis)||1100|
|Striped owl (Bubo shelleyi)||1257|
|Cape Owl (Bubo carpensis)||900–1800|
|Pale owl (Bubo lacteus)||Male: 1615-1960 Female: 2475-3115|
|Guinean owl (Bubo poensis)||Male: 575-770 Female: 685-1052|
|Gray owl (Bubo cinerascens)||500|
|Malay fish owl (Ketupa ketupu)||1028–2100|
|Owl of Blakiston (Ketupa blakistoni)||2.25-4.6 kg|
|Brown fish owl (Ketupa zeylonensis)||1105–1308|
|Pallid owl (Strix butleri)||162–225|
|Pagoda owl (Strix seloputo)||Male: 1010|
|Gray owl (Strix aluco)||325–716|
|Long-tailed owl (Strix uralensis)||500–1300|
|Great gray owl (Strix nebulosa)||790–1454|
|Tawny owl (Strix occidentalis)||520–760|
|Red-legged owl (Strix rufipes)||350|
|Brazilian owl (Strix hylophila)||285–395|
|Great gray owl (Lophostrix cristata)||425–620|
|Tawny owl (Strix leptogrammica)||800–1100|
|Owl Chaco (Strix chacoensis)||360–500|
|Barred Owl (Strix varia)||500–1050|
|Barn owl (Tyto alba)||250–480|
|Red madagascar barn owl (Tyto soumagnei)||323–435|
|Black barn owl (Tyto tenebricosa)||Male: 500-700 Female: 750-1000|
|Australian barn owl (Tyto novaehollandiae)||660|
|Manus barn owl (Tyto longimembris)||250–582|
|Eastern Masked Barn Owl (Phodilus badius)||255–308|
|Little owl (Athene noctua)||105–260|
|Brahmin owl (Athene brama)||110–114|
|Rabbit owl (Athene cunicularia)||147–240|
|Elf-slicker (Micrathene whitneyi)||Male: 36–44 Female: 41–48|
|Madagascar scoop (Otus rutilus)||Male: 85–107 Female: 112–116|
|Yellow-billed scoop (Otus icterorhynchus)||Male: 69–80 Female: 61–80|
|Seychelles scoop (Otus insularis)||130–159|
|Kenyan scoop (Otus ireneae)||45–55|
|Usurian scoop (Otus sunia)||75–95|
|Scops owl (Otus scops)||60–135|
|Spotted scoop (Otus spilocephalus)||53–112|
|Indonesian scoop (Otus manadensis)||83–93|
|Sand scoop (Otus lempiji)||100–170|
|White-fronted scoop (Otus sagittatus)||109–130|
|Mayotte scoop (Otus megalotis)||200–310|
|Reddish scoop (Otus rufescens)||70–83|
|Scoop Ryuuo (Otus elegans)||100–107|
|Sangih scoop (Otus collari)||76|
|Simalurian scoop (Otus umbra)||90–100|
|Sulawesian scoop (Otus mantananensis)||106–110|
|Moluccan scoop (Otus magicus)||114–165|
|Collar scoop (Otus lettia)||100–170|
|Collar scoop (Otus bakkamoena)||125–152|
|Japanese scoop (Otus semitorques)||130|
|Javanese scoop (Otus angelinae)||75–91|
|Scoop Torotorok (Otus madagascariensis)||108|
|Desert scoop (Otus brucei)||100–110|
|White-faced scoop (Ptilopsis granti)||Male: 185–240 Female: 225–275|
|White-faced scoop (Ptilopsis leucotis)||185–220|
|Sparrow owl (Glaucidium passerinum)||47–83|
|Californian owl (Glaucidium californicum)||62–73|
|Southern Sychik (Glaucidium nanum)||55–100|
|Mountain dwarf slick (Glaucidium nubicola)||73–80|
|Gingerbread owl (Glaucidium brasilianum)||46–107|
|Tiny passerine owl (Glaucidium minutissimum)||51|
|Peruvian sychik (Glaucidium peruanum)||58–65|
|Collared passerine owl (Glaucidium brodiei)||52–63|
|Jungle Sparrow Owl (Glaucidium radiatum)||88–114|
|Cuckoo passerine owl (Glaucidium cuculoides)||150–240|
|Pearl owl (Glaucidium perlatum)||Male: 36–86 Female: 61–147|
|Striped fish owl (Scotopelia peli)||2000–2300|
|Marbled fish owl (Scotopelia bouvieri)||637|
|Sebus eagle-footed owl bubuk (Ninox scutulata)||170–230|
|Ginger owl (Ninox randi)||200–220|
|Red-bellied needle-footed owl (Ninox novaeseelandiae)||150–216|
|Admiralty needle-footed owl (Ninox japonica)||167–168|
|Philippine needle-footed owl (Ninox philippensis)||125|
|Sumbassian needle-footed owl bubuk (Ninox punctulata)||151|
|Togian Hawk Owl (Ninox burhani)||100|
|Barking needle-legged owl (Ninox connivens)||425–510|
|Giant needle-footed owl (Ninox strenua)||1050–1700|
|Mindanaos needle-footed owl (Ninox rufa)||Male: 1050-1300 Female: 700-1050|
|Long-eared owl (Asio otus)||210–430|
|Short-eared owl (Asio flammeus)||Male: 206–396 Female: 260–475|
|Striped owl (Asio clamator)||335–556|
|African eared owl (Asio carpensis)||225–485|
|Hawk owl (Surnia ulula)||Male: 215–375 Female: 323–392|
|Upland Owl (Aegolius funereus)||Male: 90-113 Female: 126-194|
|Light-fronted owl (Aegolius harrisii)||104–155|
|North American Upland Owl (Aegolius acadicus)||54–124|
|Black and white tsikkaba (Ciccaba nigrolineata)||404–535|
|Zebra tsikkaba (Ciccaba huhula)||397|
|Spotted ciccaba (Strix / Ciccaba virgata)||235–307|
|Western scoop (Megascops kennicottii)||90–250|
|Barefoot scoop (Megascops clarkii)||123–190|
|North American scoop (Megascops asio)||100–200|
|Black-capped scoop (Megascops atricapilla)||115–160|
|Brown scoop (Megascops petersoni)||88–119|
|Colombian scoop (Megascops colombianus)||150–210|
|Salvin's scoop (Megascops ingens)||134–223|
|Brown-bellied scoop (Megascops watsonii)||114–155|
|South American scoop (Megascops choliba)||100–160|
|White-throated Neotropical Owl (Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana)||481|
|Spectacled owl (Pulsatrix perspicillata)||590–982|
|Red-headed Neotropical Owl (Pulsatrix melanota)||590–1250|
|West American scoop (Psiloscops flammeolus)||45–63|
A huge black bird in the sky over Chernobyl shortly before the disaster
In April, Ukraine, Russia and Belarus remember the Chernobyl disaster. 34 years have passed since the tragedy. For more than three decades, a huge archive has been collected from documents, memoirs, research, testimonies regarding this tragedy. But their flow does not stop. Less than a year ago Internet portal Daily Star (England) made public the article Robert Maxwell, an archaeologist from Australia, "Chernobyl thrush", which mentions a huge black bird over Chernobyl shortly before the disaster. In his repeated trips to the exclusion zone, he devoted a lot of time to meeting with people who survived the disaster. His impressions of these conversations make it possible to see the Chernobyl explosion from an unusual perspective.
Chernobyl nuclear power plant
Photos from open sources
In early April 1986, a huge black bird was seen in the sky over Pripyat. "Like a man with wings, only without a head", as one of the eyewitnesses described the bird. A figure of two meters in height with wings of more than three meters against the background of the spring blue sky, dozens of local residents made out quite clearly. Despite the absence of a head, the monster had eyes. They were in the upper torso and glowed red. The sight made a terrible impression, and many after it suffered from severe headaches, others complained of nightmares or, on the contrary, insomnia.
Photos from open sources
A few days before the accident, the "huge black bird" was observed by several dispatchers on duty at the nuclear power plant. On duty, they informed the competent authorities about the strange object. The consequences were unexpected: calls with incomprehensible threats began to arrive at the dispatch station.
The 4th reactor, which exploded on April 26, was shrouded in a poisonous smoke screen for almost a month. Helicopter pilots, who dropped sand and clay onto the reactor, told their relatives that a large humanoid bird hovered over the very fire, as if not feeling the heat of the flame.
R. Maxwell compares the bird of Chernobyl with the moth-man (Mofman).Observers describe this mythical creature from West Virginia in the same way as the vision from Chernobyl: two meters tall, large wings, no head and red eyes.
Photos from open sources
In the town Point Pleasant he was seen several months in a row before the collapse of the Silver Bridge over the river Ohio... This disaster claimed the lives of 46 people. Agency WCHS ABC even published several pictures of the "moth". They clearly show huge wings, something like legs, a headless torso. Frightening the inhabitants of the town for several months, even stealing the dog of one of them, Mofmen a few days before the collapse of the bridge circled above him, and after the tragedy he disappeared.
Skeptics consider the "black bird" to be a large stork that lives in southern Europe. But that doesn't explain everything. Pets reacted strangely to the coming cataclysm. Cats meowed furiously, rushed out of the house, dogs howled and tore from their leashes. In the days leading up to the disaster, pets began to disappear en masse. They say that even the canaries and parrots, released from the cage, did not come back. The dogs and cats that have disappeared from their homes, I would like to believe, have found a safe place for themselves.
Photos from open sources
What made the black stork, which is found here only occasionally, for three weeks circling over the doomed city and flying over a burning reactor?
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Eastern screech owl Megascops asio. Photo Eastern screech owl 13919. Zoogalaxy Animal photos Birds Owls Eastern screech owl. Megascops trichopsis translation from Russian into all languages. Duration: 0:58.
North American scoop Knowledge map.
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Pino is an online logic game based on tactics and strategy. This is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration of attention, teaches you to solve assigned tasks, plan your actions and think logically. It doesn't matter how many chips you have, the main thing is how they are placed!
The ostrich is the largest bird
The record holder in size is the African ostrich. This giant of the avian squad cannot fly, but runs very fast, reaching speeds of up to 65-75 km / h. With a growth of up to 2.7 m, the bird can weigh 150-170 kg. Ostriches are distinguished by large, bulging eyes, located on the sides of the head, and a huge beak. With their strong, long legs, they can successfully defend against any enemy.
The natural habitat of birds is the open savannas of Africa and the Middle East. The ostrich is omnivorous, its main food is a variety of vegetation, as well as insects and small rodents. The large bird has an amazing ability to do without water for a long period.
The king is in the air, the servant on the ground
Author Anton Evseev
Updated: 01.01.2020 15:36 Published: 28.07.2013 14:00
Science »Ecology» Nature
It turns out that pigeons have two parallel hierarchical systems. So, those individuals that are leaders during the flight do not enjoy absolutely any authority on the ground - they are constantly chased and bullied by more aggressive relatives. And vice versa, those who were subordinate in the air, after the flight, turn into "masters of life."
Monkeys, let's live together!
It has long been no secret to anyone that people have a lot of parallel hierarchical systems, and leadership in one of them does not at all mean that in another. For example, a successful head of a large enterprise or a charismatic politician at home may be a banal henpecked one who unconditionally recognizes his wife's leadership.So, for example, it was in the case of Pericles - this man, being the absolute leader of the Athenians of the era of democracy at home and a word across, could not say a word across to his wife (according to some sources - cohabitant) Aspasia, whom many considered the smartest woman in Greece. It also happens the other way around - the most executive and uncomplaining subordinate turns out to be a real house tyrant, single-handedly making all decisions related to family matters.
For a long time it was believed that such a situation is characteristic only of people, but in animals, social roles are more clear and the dominant is always the dominant, and the subordinate is subordinate. Moreover, such a difference was explained by the great variety of life that representatives of the human race lead, as well as the habitat of Homo sapiens. They say that the life of any animal takes place in the same habitat, and therefore the hierarchy of our elder brothers is well-established. But a person throughout his life constantly moves from one environment to another, from home to work, and in order to adequately adapt to each of them, he has to change social roles like gloves.
However, it has recently emerged that parallel hierarchies are found in animals as well. Or, more precisely, in birds. This phenomenon was discovered by biologists from the University of Oxford (UK), who studied social relationships in flocks of common blue pigeons (Columba livia). Scientists have long been worried about one question - how in the flocks of these birds there are leaders who determine where to fly. It is unlikely that the birds choose them by "general voting" - if this were so, then the pigeons, most likely, would never have taken off at all, mired in a kind of "pre-election struggle" that is characteristic not only of people, but in one form or another is observed in many social animals.
This representative of waterfowl is the most beautiful and noble creature on the planet. Nowadays, there are 7 subspecies of swans. The mute swan is considered the largest, the male of which weighs about 13-15 kg (and even more), has dimensions of one and a half meters and a wingspan of just under 2.5 meters. Thanks to the highly developed wing musculature, the bird flies thousands of kilometers.
The amazingly arched, long neck helps the bird in spearfishing for small fish and insects. Swans are monogamous and mate for life. Male and female hatch eggs together and care for chicks. If one dies, the other swan commits suicide. This is probably why the bird has been praised since ancient times as a symbol of purity and fidelity.