Bird Families

A huge black bird in the sky over Chernobyl shortly before the disaster


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Megascops - a genus of birds of the owl family. Previously included in the genus scoop (Otus).

They live in North, Central and South America.

List of species

The genus includes 22 species:

  • Megascops albogularis - white-chinned scoop
  • Megascops asio - North American scoop
  • Megascops atricapilla - black-capped scoop
  • Megascops barbarus - bearded scoop
  • Megascops choliba - South American owl
  • Megascops clarkii - bare-footed scoop
  • Megascops colombianus
  • Megascops cooperi - mangrove scoop
  • Megascops guatemalae - red-faced scoop
  • Megascops hoyi
  • Megascops ingens - Salvin's scoop
  • Megascops kennicottii
  • Megascops koepckeae
  • Megascops marshalli
  • Megascops nudipes - Puerto Rican scoop
  • Megascops petersoni
  • Megascops roboratus - bushworm
  • Megascops sanctaecatarinae
  • Megascops seductus
  • Megascops trichopsis - baleen owl
  • Megascops vermiculatus
  • Megascops watsonii - brown-bellied scoop

Table. 2. The weight of the cranes.

ViewFloorAge (years)Weight (g)number of birds

Great snipe and hunting for him

Great snipe are considered the best bog game. Hunters appreciate it for its taste, by which it surpasses the snipe, and for its great rarity. Snipe is larger than snipe, more densely built and weigh about 300 g. Their beak is shorter and wider at the base, and their neck is shorter. In color, these two birds are quite similar, but the snipe's abdomen is not white, but dirty gray, with small spots. These birds arrive from wintering grounds later than snipe and fly south by the end of September. Great snipe on the ground. Males behave almost like a black grouse: they lower their wings, spread their tails, ruffle, assume bizarre poses and pace around the females with an important look. Emitting peculiar sounds, something like "bibiperere", they occasionally click their beak. The current is conducted all night, and in the morning great snipe scatters in pairs.

The great snipe nest is built on a dry place, outwardly it looks like a snipe nest. The mother is fully responsible for hatching the four variegated testicles. Incubation itself lasts 17-18 days. The rapidly developing chicks begin their independent life within a month. By August, great snipes leave strong places and move to open feeding places.

Great snipe hunting

Hunting for great snipe in spring is prohibited, as well as for snipe. The summer-autumn season begins in August and lasts until the birds fly south. With such a hunt, it should be remembered that the great snipe is picky about the places of settlement. It is best to look for it in wet meadows and relatively dry swamps with lots of bumps, bushes and trees. This bird also settles in wet lowlands. Great snipe do not change their habitats from year to year. They are hunted with a dog, and it makes no difference here whether you take a spaniel or a cop. A snipe with a characteristic convex flapping of wings takes off from under the dog. The frightened bird flies slowly, keeps low above the ground and, having described a small arc, sits near the take-off site. Having moved, the great snipe is firmly pressed to the ground, almost without emitting a smell. It can be difficult for a dog to smell and pick it up again. Great snipes can be hunted locally, that is, by a bird nesting in a given area, or by "outfalls" when migratory birds are the game.

The first type of hunting for great snipe is carried out in parallel with the hunt for other game, but it is necessary to go out on the heaps on purpose. It is important not to miss here when great snipe from the northern regions begin to migrate to the south. Stopping for a short time to rest and feed in the intermediate regions, the birds sometimes gather in rather large and dense heaps. Hunting for great snipe without a dog is much more difficult than hunting for snipe, and therefore is almost never used. A snipe sitting very tightly rises only by accident from under the very feet of the hunter. If a person has passed a little to the side, the bird may not take off. Due to its laziness and calm nature, the great snipe is considered the best bird for training young dogs. It is also used for field trials of cops and spaniels.

Other articles on this topic:

  • A trifle is yes!
  • Features of summer great snipe hunting
  • Red game
  • Great snipe hunting
  • First trophies of the season

Table 3. Normal body weight of owls.

owl speciesweight gr.
Owl (Bubo bubo)1.2-4.6 kg
African eagle owl (Bubo africanus)Male: 487–620 Female: 640–850
White or snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus, mouth Nyctea scandiaca)1100–2000
Pharaonic eagle owl (Bubo ascalaphus)1900–2300
Virgin owl (Bubo virginianus)900–1800
Nepalese eagle owl (Bubo nipalensis)1300–1500
Bengal owl (Bubo bengalensis)1100
Striped owl (Bubo shelleyi)1257
Cape Owl (Bubo carpensis)900–1800
Pale owl (Bubo lacteus)Male: 1615-1960 Female: 2475-3115
Guinean owl (Bubo poensis)Male: 575-770 Female: 685-1052
Gray owl (Bubo cinerascens)500
Malay fish owl (Ketupa ketupu)1028–2100
Owl of Blakiston (Ketupa blakistoni)2.25-4.6 kg
Brown fish owl (Ketupa zeylonensis)1105–1308
Pallid owl (Strix butleri)162–225
Pagoda owl (Strix seloputo)Male: 1010
Gray owl (Strix aluco)325–716
Long-tailed owl (Strix uralensis)500–1300
Great gray owl (Strix nebulosa)790–1454
Tawny owl (Strix occidentalis)520–760
Red-legged owl (Strix rufipes)350
Brazilian owl (Strix hylophila)285–395
Great gray owl (Lophostrix cristata)425–620
Tawny owl (Strix leptogrammica)800–1100
Owl Chaco (Strix chacoensis)360–500
Barred Owl (Strix varia)500–1050
Barn owl (Tyto alba)250–480
Red madagascar barn owl (Tyto soumagnei)323–435
Black barn owl (Tyto tenebricosa)Male: 500-700 Female: 750-1000
Australian barn owl (Tyto novaehollandiae)660
Manus barn owl (Tyto longimembris)250–582
Eastern Masked Barn Owl (Phodilus badius)255–308
Little owl (Athene noctua)105–260
Brahmin owl (Athene brama)110–114
Rabbit owl (Athene cunicularia)147–240
Elf-slicker (Micrathene whitneyi)Male: 36–44 Female: 41–48
Madagascar scoop (Otus rutilus)Male: 85–107 Female: 112–116
Yellow-billed scoop (Otus icterorhynchus)Male: 69–80 Female: 61–80
Seychelles scoop (Otus insularis)130–159
Kenyan scoop (Otus ireneae)45–55
Usurian scoop (Otus sunia)75–95
Scops owl (Otus scops)60–135
Spotted scoop (Otus spilocephalus)53–112
Indonesian scoop (Otus manadensis)83–93
Sand scoop (Otus lempiji)100–170
White-fronted scoop (Otus sagittatus)109–130
Mayotte scoop (Otus megalotis)200–310
Reddish scoop (Otus rufescens)70–83
Scoop Ryuuo (Otus elegans)100–107
Sangih scoop (Otus collari)76
Simalurian scoop (Otus umbra)90–100
Sulawesian scoop (Otus mantananensis)106–110
Moluccan scoop (Otus magicus)114–165
Collar scoop (Otus lettia)100–170
Collar scoop (Otus bakkamoena)125–152
Japanese scoop (Otus semitorques)130
Javanese scoop (Otus angelinae)75–91
Scoop Torotorok (Otus madagascariensis)108
Desert scoop (Otus brucei)100–110
White-faced scoop (Ptilopsis granti)Male: 185–240 Female: 225–275
White-faced scoop (Ptilopsis leucotis)185–220
Sparrow owl (Glaucidium passerinum)47–83
Californian owl (Glaucidium californicum)62–73
Southern Sychik (Glaucidium nanum)55–100
Mountain dwarf slick (Glaucidium nubicola)73–80
Gingerbread owl (Glaucidium brasilianum)46–107
Tiny passerine owl (Glaucidium minutissimum)51
Peruvian sychik (Glaucidium peruanum)58–65
Collared passerine owl (Glaucidium brodiei)52–63
Jungle Sparrow Owl (Glaucidium radiatum)88–114
Cuckoo passerine owl (Glaucidium cuculoides)150–240
Pearl owl (Glaucidium perlatum)Male: 36–86 Female: 61–147
Striped fish owl (Scotopelia peli)2000–2300
Marbled fish owl (Scotopelia bouvieri)637
Sebus eagle-footed owl bubuk (Ninox scutulata)170–230
Ginger owl (Ninox randi)200–220
Red-bellied needle-footed owl (Ninox novaeseelandiae)150–216
Admiralty needle-footed owl (Ninox japonica)167–168
Philippine needle-footed owl (Ninox philippensis)125
Sumbassian needle-footed owl bubuk (Ninox punctulata)151
Togian Hawk Owl (Ninox burhani)100
Barking needle-legged owl (Ninox connivens)425–510
Giant needle-footed owl (Ninox strenua)1050–1700
Mindanaos needle-footed owl (Ninox rufa)Male: 1050-1300 Female: 700-1050
Long-eared owl (Asio otus)210–430
Short-eared owl (Asio flammeus)Male: 206–396 Female: 260–475
Striped owl (Asio clamator)335–556
African eared owl (Asio carpensis)225–485
Hawk owl (Surnia ulula)Male: 215–375 Female: 323–392
Upland Owl (Aegolius funereus)Male: 90-113 Female: 126-194
Light-fronted owl (Aegolius harrisii)104–155
North American Upland Owl (Aegolius acadicus)54–124
Black and white tsikkaba (Ciccaba nigrolineata)404–535
Zebra tsikkaba (Ciccaba huhula)397
Spotted ciccaba (Strix / Ciccaba virgata)235–307
Western scoop (Megascops kennicottii)90–250
Barefoot scoop (Megascops clarkii)123–190
North American scoop (Megascops asio)100–200
Black-capped scoop (Megascops atricapilla)115–160
Brown scoop (Megascops petersoni)88–119
Colombian scoop (Megascops colombianus)150–210
Salvin's scoop (Megascops ingens)134–223
Brown-bellied scoop (Megascops watsonii)114–155
South American scoop (Megascops choliba)100–160
White-throated Neotropical Owl (Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana)481
Spectacled owl (Pulsatrix perspicillata)590–982
Red-headed Neotropical Owl (Pulsatrix melanota)590–1250
West American scoop (Psiloscops flammeolus)45–63

A huge black bird in the sky over Chernobyl shortly before the disaster

In April, Ukraine, Russia and Belarus remember the Chernobyl disaster. 34 years have passed since the tragedy. For more than three decades, a huge archive has been collected from documents, memoirs, research, testimonies regarding this tragedy. But their flow does not stop. Less than a year ago Internet portal Daily Star (England) made public the article Robert Maxwell, an archaeologist from Australia, "Chernobyl thrush", which mentions a huge black bird over Chernobyl shortly before the disaster. In his repeated trips to the exclusion zone, he devoted a lot of time to meeting with people who survived the disaster. His impressions of these conversations make it possible to see the Chernobyl explosion from an unusual perspective.

Chernobyl nuclear power plant

Photos from open sources
In early April 1986, a huge black bird was seen in the sky over Pripyat. "Like a man with wings, only without a head", as one of the eyewitnesses described the bird. A figure of two meters in height with wings of more than three meters against the background of the spring blue sky, dozens of local residents made out quite clearly. Despite the absence of a head, the monster had eyes. They were in the upper torso and glowed red. The sight made a terrible impression, and many after it suffered from severe headaches, others complained of nightmares or, on the contrary, insomnia.

Photos from open sources
A few days before the accident, the "huge black bird" was observed by several dispatchers on duty at the nuclear power plant. On duty, they informed the competent authorities about the strange object. The consequences were unexpected: calls with incomprehensible threats began to arrive at the dispatch station.

The 4th reactor, which exploded on April 26, was shrouded in a poisonous smoke screen for almost a month. Helicopter pilots, who dropped sand and clay onto the reactor, told their relatives that a large humanoid bird hovered over the very fire, as if not feeling the heat of the flame.

R. Maxwell compares the bird of Chernobyl with the moth-man (Mofman).Observers describe this mythical creature from West Virginia in the same way as the vision from Chernobyl: two meters tall, large wings, no head and red eyes.

Moth man

Photos from open sources
In the town Point Pleasant he was seen several months in a row before the collapse of the Silver Bridge over the river Ohio... This disaster claimed the lives of 46 people. Agency WCHS ABC even published several pictures of the "moth". They clearly show huge wings, something like legs, a headless torso. Frightening the inhabitants of the town for several months, even stealing the dog of one of them, Mofmen a few days before the collapse of the bridge circled above him, and after the tragedy he disappeared.

Skeptics consider the "black bird" to be a large stork that lives in southern Europe. But that doesn't explain everything. Pets reacted strangely to the coming cataclysm. Cats meowed furiously, rushed out of the house, dogs howled and tore from their leashes. In the days leading up to the disaster, pets began to disappear en masse. They say that even the canaries and parrots, released from the cage, did not come back. The dogs and cats that have disappeared from their homes, I would like to believe, have found a safe place for themselves.

Black stork

Photos from open sources

What made the black stork, which is found here only occasionally, for three weeks circling over the doomed city and flying over a burning reactor?

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They are eaten, and they look: how to stay alive after passing through.

Eastern screech owl Megascops asio. Photo Eastern screech owl 13919. Zoogalaxy Animal photos Birds Owls Eastern screech owl. Megascops trichopsis translation from Russian into all languages. Duration: 0:58.

North American scoop Knowledge map.

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Pino is an online logic game based on tactics and strategy. This is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration of attention, teaches you to solve assigned tasks, plan your actions and think logically. It doesn't matter how many chips you have, the main thing is how they are placed!

The ostrich is the largest bird

The record holder in size is the African ostrich. This giant of the avian squad cannot fly, but runs very fast, reaching speeds of up to 65-75 km / h. With a growth of up to 2.7 m, the bird can weigh 150-170 kg. Ostriches are distinguished by large, bulging eyes, located on the sides of the head, and a huge beak. With their strong, long legs, they can successfully defend against any enemy.

The natural habitat of birds is the open savannas of Africa and the Middle East. The ostrich is omnivorous, its main food is a variety of vegetation, as well as insects and small rodents. The large bird has an amazing ability to do without water for a long period.

The king is in the air, the servant on the ground

Author Anton Evseev

Updated: 01.01.2020 15:36 Published: 28.07.2013 14:00

Science »Ecology» Nature

It turns out that pigeons have two parallel hierarchical systems. So, those individuals that are leaders during the flight do not enjoy absolutely any authority on the ground - they are constantly chased and bullied by more aggressive relatives. And vice versa, those who were subordinate in the air, after the flight, turn into "masters of life."

Monkeys, let's live together!

It has long been no secret to anyone that people have a lot of parallel hierarchical systems, and leadership in one of them does not at all mean that in another. For example, a successful head of a large enterprise or a charismatic politician at home may be a banal henpecked one who unconditionally recognizes his wife's leadership.So, for example, it was in the case of Pericles - this man, being the absolute leader of the Athenians of the era of democracy at home and a word across, could not say a word across to his wife (according to some sources - cohabitant) Aspasia, whom many considered the smartest woman in Greece. It also happens the other way around - the most executive and uncomplaining subordinate turns out to be a real house tyrant, single-handedly making all decisions related to family matters.

For a long time it was believed that such a situation is characteristic only of people, but in animals, social roles are more clear and the dominant is always the dominant, and the subordinate is subordinate. Moreover, such a difference was explained by the great variety of life that representatives of the human race lead, as well as the habitat of Homo sapiens. They say that the life of any animal takes place in the same habitat, and therefore the hierarchy of our elder brothers is well-established. But a person throughout his life constantly moves from one environment to another, from home to work, and in order to adequately adapt to each of them, he has to change social roles like gloves.

However, it has recently emerged that parallel hierarchies are found in animals as well. Or, more precisely, in birds. This phenomenon was discovered by biologists from the University of Oxford (UK), who studied social relationships in flocks of common blue pigeons (Columba livia). Scientists have long been worried about one question - how in the flocks of these birds there are leaders who determine where to fly. It is unlikely that the birds choose them by "general voting" - if this were so, then the pigeons, most likely, would never have taken off at all, mired in a kind of "pre-election struggle" that is characteristic not only of people, but in one form or another is observed in many social animals.


This representative of waterfowl is the most beautiful and noble creature on the planet. Nowadays, there are 7 subspecies of swans. The mute swan is considered the largest, the male of which weighs about 13-15 kg (and even more), has dimensions of one and a half meters and a wingspan of just under 2.5 meters. Thanks to the highly developed wing musculature, the bird flies thousands of kilometers.

The amazingly arched, long neck helps the bird in spearfishing for small fish and insects. Swans are monogamous and mate for life. Male and female hatch eggs together and care for chicks. If one dies, the other swan commits suicide. This is probably why the bird has been praised since ancient times as a symbol of purity and fidelity.