- 1 Description
- 2 Taxonomy
- 3 References
- 4 Recommended Citation
Quail-thrushes from Australia and New Guinea.
These are shy, elusive terrestrial birds. Their longest primary is P8, the rictal bristles are much reduced.
Cinclosoma is a genus in the family Cinclosomatidae.
The desert species are closely related and their taxonomy is still in much debate. They are also closely related to the Jewel-babblers from New Guinea and both genera were formerly included in the family Eupetidae.
- Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees... Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553422
- List of references
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Cinclosoma. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 10 March 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Cinclosoma
See also other dictionaries:
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CALETAE - melius Caleti, et Velocasses populi inter Belgas numerantur Caesari, l. 2. Bell. Gall. c. 4.qui Caletos decem milia armata pollicitos esse ait, Velocasses et Veromanduos totidem. Nimirum Gallos a Belgis Matronâ et Sequanâ dividi scripserat. Cum ... ... Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
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OXYBLATTA - purpura intensioris ac vividioris Iuminis, quae Comico ὀξεῖα φοινικὶς, apud Suidam in βάμμα, πορφύραι διάφοροι καὶ ὀξύταται, purpurae excellentes et vividissimae, Car. du Fresne Glossar. Latini excitatum. i. e. clarum et acutum vocant colorem, ... ... Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Flutists are a family of passerine birds, including 15 species in 5 genera. Distributed in Australia and the areas closest to it. The family has a complex taxonomic history, and various authors disagree on which birds to include. At least it includes 8 species of variegated flute players found in Australia and New Guinea. The 4 species of colored flute players found in the rainforest of New Guinea also appear to belong to this family. This family also includes scourge birds and green flutists. Previously, Eupetes macrocerus was referred to as flutists, but now it is distinguished into a special family Eupetidae. There is an opinion that the clans of this family are not close relatives, and the family is subject to disbandment.
Green, variegated and colored flutists, as well as scourge birds, along with chauchillas, have traditionally been included in the flutist family. Sometimes the family included the blue-capped ifrita Ifrita kowaldi and the shepherd flutist Eupetes macrocerus. In 1985, Sibley and Alqvist discovered that the chauchillas were not related to the aforementioned genera, and only chauchillas were included in the flutist family. They considered the rest of the genus as the subfamily Cinclosomatinae within the wide family of corvids.
A number of authors later considered green flutists and their relatives as the Cinclosomatidae family, the name of which was first proposed by Gregory Matthews in 1921-1922. However, if scourge birds are included in the family, then the name Psophodidae will be prioritized. If the shepherdess-flutist is also included in the family, then the name Eupetidae will become the priority.
Current research indicates that the shepherd flutist is not a close relative of these birds, probably an early offshoot of the songbird. Another study showed that colored and speckled flutists are close relatives, but did not find this in blue-capped efreet and scourge birds.
The variegated and colored flutists are medium-sized songbirds, 17-28 cm in length. They have strong legs and beaks. Males and females often differ in plumage color. In variegated flutists, the upper part of the body is mostly brown in color, changing as it approaches the ground to provide camouflage, and the lower part is highly visible in black and white. Colored flutists tend to have most of their plumage blue. Most species have characteristic, loud songs. Scourge birds and green flutists 19-31 cm in length. They are mostly olive green or brown in color and have a crest.
3. Distribution and habitat
Colored flutists inhabit New Guinea and the neighboring islands of Yapen, Batanta, Misool and Salavati. As a rule, they are found in the forest, differing from each other at different heights. The yellow-eyed speckled flutist is also found in the forests of New Guinea. The range of other variegated flutists is limited to Australia, where they are found in arid regions, meeting in open forests, in bushes and on rocky soil. It is believed that none of the species is in a position close to vulnerable, however one of the subspecies of the blue-chested speckled flutist may have become extinct.
All scourge birds and the green flutist live in Australia, meeting in a variety of habitats from tropical forests to dry shrubs. Western scourge birds are believed to be close to vulnerable due to habitat loss and fires, while the green flutist is a species with insufficient data to assess its threat.
Representatives of the family are terrestrial birds that fly rather poorly, preferring to fall to the ground or run away in case of danger. Birds forage on the ground, feeding mainly on insects and other invertebrates. In the desert, variegated flutists also feed on seeds. In shrubs or on the ground, birds build bowl-shaped nests, where they lay two or three eggs.
The name is given by Boehme and Flint:
- Motley flutists of Cinclosoma Vigors & Horsfield, 1827
- Cinclosoma marginatum
- Yellow-eyed speckled flutist of Cinclosoma ajax
- Cinclosoma alisteri
- Red-backed speckled flutist Cinclosoma castanotum
- Chestnut speckled flutist of Cinclosoma cinnamomeum
- Cinclosoma clarum
- Cinclosoma castaneothorax
- Blue-breasted speckled flutist Cinclosoma punctatum
- Ptilorrhoa caerulescens geislerorum
- Colored flutists Ptilorrhoa J.L. Peters, 1940
- Blue Colored Flutist Ptilorrhoa caerulescens
- Red-blue colored flutist Ptilorrhoa castanonota
- Spotted colored flutist Ptilorrhoa leucosticta
If the following genera are included in the family, then it will be called Psophodidae:
- Green Flutists Androphobus Hartert & Paludan, 1934
- Green flutist Androphobus viridis
- Eastern Beach Bird Psophodes olivaceus
- Psophodes occidentalis
- Scourge birds Psophodes Vigors & Horsfield, 1827
- Western Beach Bird Psophodes nigrogularis
- Psophodes cristatus