William Louis Abbott (eng. William Louis Abbott, February 23, 1860 - April 2, 1926) - American physician, traveler, philanthropist, naturalist and ornithologist. It is known for its stunning collections of biological specimens and ethnological artifacts from around the world, especially from the Malay Archipelago. He bequeathed most of his collections and 20% of his fortune to the Smithsonian Institution.
Abbott made expeditions and collected collections:
- 1880 - Iowa and North Dakota bird collection
- 1883 - collection of birds of Cuba and Santo Domingo
- 1887-89 - Taveta, near Kilimanjaro, Kenya, East Africa
- 1890 - Zanzibar, Seychelles and Madagascar
- 1891 - India: Baltistan, Karachi, Kashmir and Srinagar
- 1892 - Kashmir, Baltistan, Aden, Seychelles and Aldabra
- 1893 - Seychelles, Kashmir, Srinagar, Ladakh, Xinjiang and East Turkestan
- 1894 - eastern Turkestan, India and Ceylon, Madagascar
- 1895 - Madagascar and Kashmir
- 1896 - Malay Peninsula including Perak, Penang and Trang with a visit to Canton
- 1897 - Trang, Penang and India
- 1898 - Singapore and China with a visit to Tibet
- 1899 - Abbott built a schooner "Terrapin”And, choosing Singapore as his starting point for the next ten years, traveled extensively across the islands of Southeast Asia and the Malay Archipelago, often accompanied by Cecil Boden Kloss (1877-1949). They visited the Mergui Archipelago, Natuna Islands, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Burma, Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo, Nias, Mentawai Islands, Engano Island, Riau Archipelago and many islands in the South China and Java Seas.
- 1909 - The beginning of partial blindness caused by spirochetes, forcing him to sell the schooner "Terrapin”And largely suspend harvesting in the tropics. After treatment in Germany, from 1910 to 1915, he visited Kashmir, stopped briefly with his sister in 1914 to collect collections in the Moluccas and Celebes.
- 1916 - Dominican Republic
- 1917-18 - Haiti, where he suffered a near-fatal bout of dysentery
- 1919-23 - Hispaniola
Numerous animal species are named after Abbott, such as Abbott's gonocephalus (Gonocephalus abbotti), Seychelles day gecko (Phelsuma abbotti), gannet Abbott (Papasula abbotti), Abbott's short-tailed starling (Cinnyricinclus femoralis), celebesky shrike larvae (Coracina abbotti), as well as a tree fern from Haiti Cyathea abbottii.