Bird Families

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Latin name:Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Detachment:Passerine
Family:Blackbirds
Additionally:European species description

Appearance and behavior... Slightly smaller than a sparrow. Weight 11–20 g, length 13–17 cm. It preserves mainly in tree crowns, periodically appears on the ground and near the ground. Shaking with a slightly lowered tail is characteristic. When flipping over, the redstarts open their tail, and it seems to "burn", flashing red.

Description... The color of the male is bright and memorable, there are no similar species. In autumn, the color is generally the same, only slightly muted due to the light edges on the feathers. The female is olive-gray above, reddish underneath, differs from other birds of similar size and appearance with a red tail. Unlike the bluethroat's tail, there is no dark apical stripe on it. Other similar species are the black redstart and the red-bellied redstart.

Young birds in nesting plumage, like many other small blackbirds, have many mottles, but they already have a characteristic species feature - a red tail, upper tail and loin. By the middle or by the end of summer, the chick outfit is replaced by the first winter one, similar to the outfit of an adult female. In contrast to it, juveniles have light stripes on the wing, formed by ocher tips of the upper coverts of flight feathers. Young males can already be distinguished from females by a noticeable, darker “apron” and more reddish chest.

Vote... The song is of medium volume, short and unhurried, and consists of several trills. The set of them can be very different, but most often the song begins with a high “chii", Then several lower identical sounds follow, resulting in the beginning of a song like"hii-black-black-black. ". The song is rather melancholic. They sing all daylight hours, but most actively - at dawn, and in the morning they begin to sing in almost complete darkness. In the northern taiga and forest-tundra, they sing most actively at night. The signal of concern is pure whistling "fuit", and "fuit-tiktik" or "fuit-tick", Or only"tick tick", Or whole series of crackling"tick tick tick. ". With strong anxiety - a sharp "drink-drink-drink. ».

Distribution, status... Almost all of Europe. Western Asia, most of Western and Central Siberia. In European Russia, almost everywhere is a common forest bird, distributed from island forests, gardens and urban green spaces in the steppe zone to forest-tundra and island forests of the southern tundra. The deposits are known up to the arctic coasts. The wintering areas are in tropical Africa.

Lifestyle... They arrive before the greenery blooms. Nesting biotopes - sparse forests of various types, forest edges. They are common in villages and cities if they have parks, squares, or at least single trees. Under natural conditions, the nesting density is most of all determined by the presence of hollows in the forest. The male occupies the territory only if there is space for the nest on it. Usually they inhabit old woodpecker hollows, or other cavities in tree trunks or thick branches at very different heights. In settlements they settle in artificial nests, in attics, behind platbands and in other cavities. The nest is built by the female or both members of the pair from grass, leaves, moss and plant fibers. The tray is lined with wool, feathers, and other soft material. The clutch contains 5–9, more often 6–7 monochromatic blue or slightly greenish-blue eggs. The female incubates for 12-14 days. Both birds feed the chicks. Chicks leave the nest at the age of 12–15 days. In most of its range, two nesting cycles are common during the summer.

Typical insectivorous birds, looking out for invertebrates from the perch and picking them up from the ground or from branches, are often caught in the air. They willingly eat berries. They fly away mainly at the time of leaf fall.

Common, or garden, redstart, or redstart-coot (Phoenicurus phoenicurus)

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Vote

0:03 - singing. Background - chaffinch, chiffchaff. Georgia, June. The author of the recording is V.M. Loskot,

0:24 - singing. Moscow region The author of the recording is B. N. Veprintsev,

0:46 - singing. Moscow region, May Post author - Veprintsev B.N.,

1:10 - singing. Background - chaffinch, Muscovy. Sverdlovsk region, May. The author of the recording is V.K. Ryabitsev,

1:27 - singing. Kurgan region, June. The author of the recording is V.K. Ryabitsev,

1:52 - singing. The background is powder. Tomsk region, June. The author of the recording is S. I. Gashkov,

2:12 - anxiety. Caucasus, June. The author of the recording is B.N. Veprintsev,

2:32 - anxiety. Center of the Khanty-Mansiysk Auth. County, July. The author of the recording is A.A. Emtsev,

2:42 - 2:48 - anxiety. Tuva, June. The author of the recording is B.N. Veprintsev.

Population state

  • Places of meetings with representatives of rare species of animals
  • Locations of residential nests
  • Locations of non-residential nests
  • Number of chicks in a brood
  • Number
    • Winter population
      • In larch forests
      • In the pine forests
      • In dark coniferous forests
      • In the village of Vanavara
    • Spring strength
      • In larch forests
      • In the pine forests
      • In dark coniferous forests
      • In floodplain complexes
    • Summer strength
      • In larch forests
      • In the pine forests
      • In dark coniferous forests
      • In birch forests
      • On water routes
      • In the swamps
      • In the village of Vanavara
    • Autumn numbers
      • In larch forests
      • In the pine forests
      • In dark coniferous forests
      • In floodplain complexes
      • In all forest biotopes
  • Tracing
  • The nature of the span
  • Nature of stay

Appearance and distribution

Blue-fronted redstart (Phoenicurus frontalis) distributed quite widely, it is found in Bhutan, Vietnam, India, China, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan and Thailand. It is a small, but unusually beautiful bird, its body length reaches 15-16 cm, weight ranges from 12 to 19 g. Blue-fronted redstarts inhabit various types of forests: tropical, subtropical and temperate forests, alpine meadows.

Nutrition and reproduction

From May to September, these birds feed mainly on insects, in August, berries and seeds are added to the diet, in winter blue-fronted redstarts become almost completely vegetarians.

In the Himalayas, the breeding season for these birds is in May-August, in China - in May-July. The cup-shaped nest is built mainly from dry grass and moss and is lined with wool and feathers.

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