Bird Families

Spectacled Shrub / Garrulax canorus

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Number of species in "sister" taxa

viewSpectacle shrubGarrulax canorusLinnaeus1758
genusShrubGarrulaxLesson1831
familyShrubsLeiothrichidaeSwainson1832
superfamilySlavkovSylvioidea
infraorderPasserinesPasserida
suborder / suborderSingersOscines
detachment / orderPasserinesPasseriformes
superorder / superorderNew Sky Birds (Typical Birds)NeognathaePycroft1900
infraclassReal birds (Fan-tailed birds)NeornithesGadow1893
subclassCilegrud Birds (Fan-tailed Birds)Carinatae Ornithurae (Neornithes) Ornithurae (Neornithes)Merrem1813
classBirdsAves
superclassFour-leggedTetrapodaBroili1913
subtype / subdivisionVertebrates (Cranial)Vertebrata (Craniata)Cuvier1800
type / departmentChordatesChordata
supertypeCoelomic animalsCoelomata
sectionBilaterally symmetrical (Three-layer)Bilateria (Triploblastica)
suprasectionEumetazoiEumetazoa
subkingdomMulticellular animalsMetazoa
kingdomAnimalsAnimalia
super-kingdomNuclearEukaryotaChatton1925
empireCellular

Interspecific bird conflicts are explained by competition and hybridization

Many animals jealously guard their territory from the invasion of strangers. This is logical when it comes to a representative of its own species. However, an individual belonging to a different species often becomes the object of attack. For a long time, it was believed that such interspecific territoriality was just a by-product of intraspecific territoriality. In other words, the owner attacks the stranger by mistake, mistaking him for a relative.

However, new evidence suggests that protecting an area from other species is adaptive. It can arise and persist when different species compete for a particular resource, such as food or shelter.

A team of zoologists led by Jonathan P. Drury of the University of Durham conducted a massive study of interspecies competition for territory using the example of North American passerines. After analyzing the literature, scientists found that this behavior is typical for 104 of their species. This is 32.3 percent of the total number of passerine species in North America. Thus, interspecies competition is more widespread than previously thought.

According to the authors, in most cases, birds come into conflict over territory with a representative of one specific species. There are several factors that increase the chances of forming a pair of competing species. For example, birds that live in the same biotope, have similar sizes and nest in hollows are more likely to be involved in conflicts over territory. For species belonging to the same family, another factor plays an important role - the probability of hybridization. If two species are capable of interbreeding, their males are more likely to react aggressively to each other.

Based on the data obtained, the researchers concluded that interspecific conflicts for territory among birds do not arise by mistake. This behavior is an adaptive response to competition for a limited resource, as well as a mechanism to prevent hybridization between closely related species.

See also other dictionaries:

Garrulax - Garrulax ... Wikipédia en Français

Garrulax - Garrulaxe ... Wikipédia en Français

Garrulax - garulaksai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Garrulax angl. laughing thrush vok. Häherling, m rus. shrub, f pranc. garrulaxe, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas - timalijiniai siauresnis terminas - apykaklėtasis garulaksas ... ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Garrulax Perspicillatus - Garrulaxe masqué ... Wikipédia en Français

Garrulax perspicillatus - Garrulaxe masqué ... Wikipédia en Français

Garrulax fairbanki -? ... Wikipedia

Garrulax leucolophus - Garrulaxe à huppe blanche Garrulax leucolophus ... Wikipédia en Français

Garrulax canorus - Garrulaxe hoamy Garrulaxe hoamy ... Wikipédia en Français

Garrulax leucolophus - Tordo jocoso garrulado… Wikipedia Español

Garrulax morrisonianus - Garrulax morrisonianus ... Wikipedia Español

Garrulax albogularis - Jay Jay, n. [F. geai, OF. gai, jaj, perh. fr. OHG. g [= a] hi. Cf. .] (Zo [o] l.) Any one of the numerous species of birds belonging to , , and allied genera of the family ... They are allied to the crows, but are ... ... The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Shrubs

As of February 2018, 45 species are included in the genus:

  • Garrulax palliatus Bonaparte, 1850 - Slate shrub
  • Garrulax monileger Hodgson, 1836 - Necklace bush
  • Garrulax pectoralis Gould, 1836 - Tie bush
  • Garrulax maesi Oustalet, 1890 - Gray bush
  • Garrulax albogularis Gould, 1836 - White-throated bush
  • Garrulax cinereifrons Blyth, 1851 - Gray-fronted bush
  • Garrulax ferrarius Riley, 1930
  • Garrulax ruficollis Jardine & Selby, 1838 - Red-necked shrub
  • Garrulax rufifrons R. Lesson, 1831 - Red-fronted bush
  • Garrulax taewanus Swinhoe, 1859
  • Garrulax bieti Oustalet, 1897
  • Garrulax milleti Robinson & Kloss, 1919 - Hooded shrub, or black-capped thymelia
  • Garrulax lugubris S. Muller, 1836 - Funeral bush
  • Garrulax cineraceus Godwin-Austen, 1874 - Ash bush
  • Garrulax berthemyi Oustalet, 1876
  • Garrulax calvus Sharpe, 1888
  • Garrulax leucolophus Hardwicke, 1816 - White-crested shrub, or white-crested Gull
  • Garrulax delesserti Jerdon, 1839 - Red-headed bush
  • Garrulax striatus Vigors, 1831 - Striated bush
  • Garrulax mitratus S. Muller, 1836 - Chestnut-headed shrub
  • Garrulax poecilorhynchus Gould, 1863 - Red-necked bush
  • Garrulax caerulatus Hodgson, 1836 - Gray-sided shrub
  • Garrulax perspicillatus J. F. Gmelin, 1789 - Mask shrub
  • Garrulax bicolor Hartlaub, 1844
  • Garrulax courtoisi Menegaux, 1923 - Blue-headed Thymelia
  • Garrulax maximus J. Verreaux, 1871 - Large shrub
  • Garrulax annamensis Robinson & Kloss, 1919
  • Garrulax davidi Swinhoe, 1868 - David's Shrub
  • Garrulax lunulatus J. Verreaux, 1871 - Wavy shrub
  • Garrulax nuchalis Godwin-Austen, 1876
  • Garrulax sannio Swinhoe, 1867 - Barnacle shrub
  • Garrulax konkakinhensis Eames & Eames, 2001
  • Garrulax rufogularis Gould, 1835 - Red-throated bush
  • Garrulax chinensis Scopoli, 1786 - Chinese shrub
  • Garrulax treacheri Sharpe, 1879
  • Garrulax gularis McClelland, 1840
  • Garrulax strepitans Blyth, 1855 - White-necked bush
  • Garrulax canorus Linnaeus, 1758 - Spectacled shrub
  • Garrulax merulinus Blyth, 1851 - Spotted bush
  • Garrulax castanotis Ogilvie-Grant, 1899
  • Garrulax vassali Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 - Black-eared bush
  • Garrulax ocellatus Vigors, 1831 - Forest bush
  • Garrulax galbanus Godwin-Austen, 1874 - Yellow-bellied bush
  • Garrulax ruficeps Gould, 1863
  • Garrulax sukatschewi Berezowski & Bianchi, 1891 - Sukachev's shrub, or Sukachev's timelia

Some of the species previously attributed to the genus of shrubs, based on phylogenetic studies, were allocated to other genera: Montecincla and Trochalopteron.

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