Bird Families

White-eared Buccanodon / Stactolaema leucotis


The habitats of these nocturnal birds stretch along the border separating the Sahara Desert and the Equator, passing through African countries such as Cameroon, Congo, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia and many others.

White-faced scoops (lat.Ptilopsis leucotis) settle on the branches of trees or thorny bushes: here they spend the whole day waiting for the sunset - the time when the whole flock gathers to hunt.

As with most little owls, white-faced scoops' main food is moths, beetles, scorpions, bees and spiders. However, night hunters are not limited to this and often diversify their menu with dishes consisting of larger prey: reptiles, rodents, small birds and shrews. Having spotted the victim, the white-faced scoop dives down and swallows it whole, and after digesting it, regurgitates the remains.

During the mating season, males of white-faced scoops arrange real concerts for the females they like, flying from branch to branch and performing another love aria.

The female, impressed by the talent of the performer, echoes the future partner, and so a duet appears, and a little later, in a hollow of a tree or an abandoned nest, a clutch of two or three eggs. The female incubates eggs for almost a month, during which the male provides her with everything she needs.

White-faced scoops are known for their defensive behavior, which is why they are called "transformer owl". These small birds are able to change their size depending on the size of the enemy.

Once next to a small bird, they spread their wings and inflate, trying to appear as voluminous as possible. However, when they see a predator larger than themselves, they resort to the opposite tactics: they shrink and fold their wings so that they become almost invisible against the background of trees.

Ptilopsis - Wikipedia

Ptilopsis leucotis) settle on the branches of trees or thorny bushes: here they spend the whole day waiting for the sunset - the time when the whole flock gathers to hunt.

Tauraco leucotis is. What is Tauraco leucotis?

1. LAT Tauraco leucotis (Rüppell) 2. RUS white-eared turaco m 3. ENG white cheeked turaco 4. DEU Weißohrturaco m 5. FRA touraco m à joues blanches

Gymnobucco leucotis is. What is Gymnobucco leucotis?

1. LAT Buccanodon leucotis (Sundevall) [Stactolaema leucotis (Sundevall), Gymnobucco leucotis (Sundevall)] 2. RUS white-eared buccanodon m 3. ENG white eared barbet 4. DEU Weißohr Bartvogel m 5. FRA barbican m oreillard

Sigmodon leucotis is. What is Sigmodon leucotis?

1. LAT Sigmodon leucotis Bailey 2. RUS white-eared hamster m 3. ENG white eared cotton rat 4. DEU 5. FRA

Pyrrhura leucotis (Maroon-faced Parakeet) - ...

The White-eared Parakeet or Maroon-faced Parakeet (Pyrrhura leucotis) is a small parrot belonging to the genus Pyrrhura. As here defined, it is endemic to Atlantic Forest in eastern Brazil. The Venezuelan, Gray-breasted and Pfrimer's Parakeets were formerly classed as subspecies of this bird but are increasingly treated as separate species.

Touraco à joues blanches - Menelikornis ...

Fiche d'identification: Touraco à joues blanches (Menelikornis leucotis) est un oiseau qui appartient à la famille des Musophagidés et à l'ordre des Musophagiformes.

African beards

African beards are a treasure of birds from the clade of woodpeckers.

There are 42 species of warblers, from the typical genus of Libia Lybius, inhabiting the forests, to the coppersmiths Pogoniulus, living in both forests and shrub steppes. The habitat of these birds is the whole of Black Africa, with the exception of its extreme southwestern part.

The genus Trachyphonus Bararticles also inhabit the more open plains from southern Sahara to South Africa.

1. Description and ecology

Most African warblers have a rounded body, 20-25 cm long, with a large head and bristly feathers at the base of the beak. Coppersmiths are smaller, the smallest are red-faced coppersmiths Pogoniulus atroflavus weighing 7 grams and measuring 9 cm.

Birds are mostly solitary, feeding on insects and fruits. The diet includes about 60 species of various fruits and berries, not only wild, but also cultivated by humans - beards often visit fruit and vegetable plantations. The berries are swallowed together with the seeds, which are later regurgitated before singing, but never in the nest. However, coppersmiths leave sticky mistletoe seeds near the nests, possibly to deter predators. Like other warblers, these birds are the main seed distributors in rainforests.

African beards also feed on a variety of insects, such as ants, cicadas, dragonflies, crickets, locusts, beetles, butterflies, praying mantises, carefully collected from tree branches and trunks. Scorpions, millipedes, and sometimes small vertebrates - lizards, frogs, geckos are also eaten.

Reproduction biology is still poorly understood.Although some gregarious species readily nest along river banks or in termite mounds, which is not typical for woodpeckers, others nest in tree hollows. They usually lay 2-4 eggs, except for the pearl trachyphonus Trachyphonus margaritatus, which lays up to 6 eggs), incubate for 13-15 days. Both parents are responsible for hatching the chicks.

Human intervention and influence is negligible. However, it should be noted a decrease in the number of species living mainly in the forest zone due to deforestation, which gives an advantage to other species of beards. For example, the reduction of high-mountain forests in Kenya has led to the almost complete disappearance of the mountain coppersmith Pogoniulus leucomystax and the expansion of the habitat of the red-fronted coppersmith Pogoniulus pusillus.

2. Classification

  • Bristly Gymnobucco Gymnobucco peli
  • Gymnobucco genus Bararticles-Gymnobucco
  • Bald Gymnobucco Gymnobucco calvus
  • Gymnobucco bonapartei
  • Gymnobucco sladeni
  • Genus Stactolaema
  • Yellow-headed Buccanodon Stactolaema anchietae
  • Green Buccanodon Stactolaema olivacea
  • Mirror Buccanodon Stactolaema whytii
  • White-eared buccanodon Stactolaema leucotis
  • Red-fronted coppersmith Pogoniulus pusillus
  • Yellow-backed coppersmith Pogoniulus coryphaeus
  • Scaly coppersmith Pogoniulus scolopaceus
  • Gold-tailed coppersmith Pogoniulus bilineatus
  • Red-faced coppersmith Pogoniulus atroflavus
  • Mountain Copper Pogoniulus leucomystax
  • Genus Coppersmiths Pogoniulus
  • Green Copper Pogoniulus simplex
  • Yellow-throated coppersmith Pogoniulus subsulphureus
  • Yellow-fronted coppersmith Pogoniulus chrysoconus
  • White-breasted coppersmith Pogoniulus makawai
  • Genus Buccanodon Buccanodon
  • Spotted Buccanodon Buccanodon duchaillui
  • Buccanodon dowsetti
  • Weeping Libya Tricholaema lacrymosa
  • Black-headed Libya Tricholaema melanocephala
  • Red-fronted Libya Tricholaema leucomelas
  • Red-fronted Libya Tricholaema diademata
  • Spotted Libya Tricholaema hirsuta
  • Genus Tricholaema
  • Tricholaema frontata
  • Striped libia Lybius undatus
  • Collared libia Lybius torquatus
  • Lybius chaplini
  • White-headed Libya Lybius leucocephalus
  • Genus Libia Lybius
  • Brown-breasted Libya Lybius melanopterus
  • Black-billed libia Lybius guifsobalito
  • Pink-bellied Libya Lybius minor
  • Two-pronged libia Lybius bidentatus
  • Ebony libia lybius rolleti
  • Blood-breasted libia Lybius vieilloti
  • Senegalese Libya Lybius dubius
  • Red Faced Libya Lybius rubrifacies

Subfamily African land woodpeckers - Trachyphoninae

  • Genus Trachyphonus Bararticles Trachyphonus
  • Trachyphonus usambiro
  • Pearl trachyphonus Trachyphonus margaritatus
  • Crested Trachyphonus Trachyphonus vaillantii
  • Yellow-billed Trachyphonus Trachyphonus purpuratus
  • Fire-headed trachyphonus Trachyphonus erythrocephalus
  • Spotted Trachyphonus Trachyphonus darnaudii

To this family, or to the family Asiatic woodpeckers, barbaceous armor. Megalaimidae, belongs to the genus Capitonides, which lived in the early and middle Miocene in Europe.

These prehistoric birds resemble primitive toucans and possibly occupy a basal position in the clade of toucan and barbaceous infraorders Ramphastides. On the other hand, they are very similar to African land woodpeckers Trachyphonus, which is why some scientists attribute them to this genus.

In Middle Miocene sediments near Grive-Saint-Alban, France, a lat. Buckle was found. carpometacarpus - the metacarpal-carpal bone, one of the elements of the skeleton of the wing of birds, similar to the similar bone of the barbart. The first inspection showed that it differs from the bone of the Capitonides and is more similar to the bones of the European barbards that have survived to this day. This finding is sometimes also associated with African land woodpeckers, which is more reasonable.

Presumed fossil remains of the late Miocene coppersmith Pogoniulus are found near the city of Kofidisch Austria. However, they have not yet been studied and it is unclear whether they belong to any species that still exists today. Judging by the latest data, this is exactly the case.

Distribution of lyotrix buoyant

White-eared Litrix is ​​found in a vast territory from Southeast Asia, Pakistan and Indonesia to Vietnam and China. Seven subspecies of birds are found in the Himalayas in northeastern India (Darjeeling, Sikkim, NEFA), Nepal and Bhutan. The habitat covers Burma, South China, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia and the Malay Peninsula. Two subspecies live on the islands of Sumatra, Indonesia.

White-eared lyotrix are ubiquitous: in the mountains, on the plains, in the forests and in the fields.

Habitats of white-eared lyotrix

White-eared lyotrixes inhabit mostly open landscapes. They live in the jungle, among small shrubs, regenerated forests, in thickets of shrubs that make up the forest undergrowth.In the forests, these birds can be seen at the edge of the clearing, and in more rarefied places. They inhabit wastelands, abandoned gardens and tea plantations. In the mountains, they rise to a height of 2100 meters above sea level.

Features of the behavior of the white-eared lyotrix

White-eared lyotrixes live in groups of 6 to 30 birds or more. They hide in bushes in the forest, but sometimes they rise to considerable heights almost to mountain peaks.

Lyotrixes like to hide in thickets of bushes.

White-eared lyotrixes are very active birds that are constantly looking for insects in the foliage. They assume inconceivable acrobatic postures when they examine the underside of the leaves, resembling beads strung on branches. When passing from one tree to another, white-eared lyorixes move randomly, accompanying the movement with a light, barely audible chirp. They give the impression of extremely fussy birds, always in a hurry about their bird business. Sometimes they make combat missions in pursuit of their enemies. Since April, the birds form pairs, the behavior of the white-eared lyotrix becomes very restrained. During this period, it is very difficult to observe the behavior of birds in nature.

In summer, they are sedentary birds, but in winter they move from high-altitude regions. During the movement of birds, observers are particularly impressed by the so-called "waves" - large flocks, in which birds unite in flight with other thymelia. Silver-eared mesias spend most of their time on the ground. Walking along the forest floor, restless birds look under fallen leaves, looking for insects, or pick up fallen fruits, less often seeds. From time to time, they fly up trees, to a height of no higher than five meters.

Since April, the birds form pairs, the behavior of the white-eared lyotrix becomes very restrained.

Reproduction of the white-eared lyotrix

The breeding season lasts from April to August. The nest is a bowl with an average diameter of 8.5 cm and a depth of 8 cm. It is built with bamboo leaves and other plant materials such as grass and moss. Hardworking birds build it in four days. A tray of about 6 cm is lined with small roots. The nest is located in bushes at a height of no more than 2 meters above the ground, sometimes it is only a few centimeters above the ground. The female usually lays two to five white eggs with brown specks. Both parents incubate, the female takes turns with the male.

The incubation period lasts from the first egg to 14 days. Chicks are born two weeks later. During this period, both parents do not leave the nest, but sometimes they unintentionally take off, alarmed by the noisy behavior of their fastidious relatives. In the first month of life, while the offspring is not yet strong, the parents take all the care of the offspring's food. After twelve days, the chicks begin their first flights. White-eared Lyotrix eats mixed food. Birds consume insects, seeds, berries.

White-eared lyotrix feed on insects, seeds, berries.

Conservation status of lyotrix

The white-eared lyotrix is ​​a fairly common bird in its region. The silver-eared messiah is classified as the species with the least threat.

Keeping white-eared lyotrix in captivity

White-eared Lyotrix is ​​especially appreciated by bird lovers when kept in an aviary with other birds. It is quite often caught and exported to Europe and the United States of America, where lyotrix is ​​sold at a pet store called the silver-eared messiah.

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