Bird Families

Black-breasted nightingale -Calliope pectoralis, species

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Genus Nightingales - Luscinia - brings together birds from temperate regions of Europe and Asia, including the Himalayas. All birds of this genus migrate, winter in tropical Africa, India and Southeast Asia.

Nightingales nest in shrubs or forests, the cup-shaped nest is located low in the bush. It is difficult to see the nightingale in the dense vegetation, especially if he is not singing. In winter, they are not so secretive.

Species of the genus Luscinia - small birds 13-16 cm long, with a high body and a short tail. c Nightingales are territorial. on their site they collect insects and worms, sit on a low perch, often feed on the ground, moving by frequent jumps.

In three species, which are called nightingales, sexual dimorphism is not observed. The color is monochromatic brown top, light gray bottom, light streaks are visible, the tail is reddish.

Other members of the genus Luscinia the male is colored brighter than the brownish-gray female. He has a dark blue or black back, throat and chest red, orange, or blue. Some species have white or red spots on the sides of the tail.

Nightingale songs are often complex and musical.

* Bluethroat - Luscinia svecica
* Red-necked Nightingale - Luscinia calliope (currently separated into a separate genus)
* Whistler Nightingale - Luscinia sibilans
* Common nightingale - Luscinia luscinia
* Southern [western] nightingale - Luscinia megarhynchos
* Idindian Blue Robin - Luscinia brunnea
* Black-breasted ruby-neck - Luscinia pectoralis
* Red-headed robin - Luscinia ruficeps
* Dark nightingale, black-throated - Luscinia obscura
* Red-breasted Nightingale - Luscinia pectardens
* Blue Nightingale - Luscinia cyane

Number of species in "sister" taxa

viewBlack-breasted nightingaleCalliope pectoralisGould1837
genusCalliopeCalliopeGould1836
familyFlycatchersMuscicapidaeVigors1825
superfamilyFlycatchersMuscicapoidea
infraorderPasserinesPasserida
suborder / suborderSingersOscines
detachment / orderPasserinesPasseriformes
superorder / superorderNew Sky Birds (Typical Birds)NeognathaePycroft1900
infraclassReal birds (Fan-tailed birds)NeornithesGadow1893
subclassCilegrud Birds (Fan-tailed Birds)Carinatae Ornithurae (Neornithes) Ornithurae (Neornithes)Merrem1813
classBirdsAves
superclassFour-leggedTetrapodaBroili1913
subtype / subdivisionVertebrates (Cranial)Vertebrata (Craniata)Cuvier1800
type / departmentChordatesChordata
supertypeCoelomic animalsCoelomata
sectionBilaterally symmetrical (Three-layer)Bilateria (Triploblastica)
suprasectionEumetazoiEumetazoa
subkingdomMulticellular animalsMetazoa
kingdomAnimalsAnimalia
super-kingdomNuclearEukaryotaChatton1925
empireCellular

Interspecific bird conflicts are explained by competition and hybridization

Many animals jealously guard their territory from the invasion of strangers. This is logical when it comes to a representative of its own species. However, an individual belonging to a different species often becomes the object of attack. For a long time, it was believed that such interspecific territoriality was just a by-product of the intraspecific one. In other words, the owner attacks the stranger by mistake, mistaking him for a relative.

However, new evidence suggests that protecting an area from other species is adaptive. It can arise and persist when different species compete for a particular resource, such as food or shelter.

A team of zoologists led by Jonathan P. Drury of the University of Durham conducted a massive study of interspecies competition for territory using the example of North American passerines. After analyzing the literature, scientists found that this behavior is typical for 104 of their species. This is 32.3 percent of the total number of passerine species in North America. Thus, interspecies competition is more widespread than previously thought.

According to the authors, in most cases, birds come into conflict over territory with a representative of one specific species. There are several factors that increase the chances of forming a pair of competing species.For example, birds that live in the same biotope, have similar sizes and nest in hollows are more likely to be involved in conflicts over territory. For species belonging to the same family, another factor plays an important role - the probability of hybridization. If two species are capable of interbreeding with each other, their males are likely to react aggressively to each other.

Based on the data obtained, the researchers concluded that interspecific conflicts for territory among birds do not arise at all by mistake. This behavior is an adaptive response to competition for a limited resource, as well as a mechanism to prevent hybridization between closely related species.

See also other dictionaries:

black-breasted rudneck - baltauodegė raudongurklė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Luscinia pectoralis angl. white tailed rubythroat vok. Bergrubinkehlchen rus. black-breasted rudder, f pranc. rossignol a gorge rubis, m ryšiai: platesnis…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

List of birds of Bhutan - Contents 1 Order: Grebes (Podicipediformes) 1.1 Family: Grebes (Podicipedidae) ... Wikipedia

Nightingales - This term has other meanings, see Nightingales (meanings). The request "Nightingale" is redirected here, see also other values. ? Nightingales ... Wikipedia

List of birds of Kazakhstan - Contents 1 Order Gaviiformes 2 Order Podicipediformes ... Wikipedia

Nightingales - (Luscinia) a genus of birds of the thrush family of the passerine order. The most famous eastern S. (L. luscinia), body length 17 cm, brownish plumage, reddish tail. Distributed in Europe and Western Asia (to the east to the Yenisei), to the south to the North ... ... Great Soviet Encyclopedia

nightingales Is a genus of birds of the Thrush family. Distributed widely. About 20 species, in Russia there are 2 species, including the most famous common, or eastern, nightingale (about 17 cm long). They settle along the edges of the forest, in gardens, parks, prefer humid places. ... ... Encyclopedic Dictionary

Fauna of Ladakh - The fauna of Ladakh, as well as its fauna, was first studied by Ferdinand Stolicka, an Austro-Czech paleontologist who conducted extensive research in the region in the 1870s. The fauna of Ladakh is, in a general sense, Central Asian, in particular, it is similar to the fauna ... Wikipedia

Bergrubinkehlchen - baltauodegė raudongurklė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Luscinia pectoralis angl. white tailed rubythroat vok. Bergrubinkehlchen rus. black-breasted rudneck, f pranc. rossignol a gorge rubis, m ryšiai: platesnis…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Luscinia pectoralis - baltauodegė raudongurklė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Luscinia pectoralis angl. white tailed rubythroat vok. Bergrubinkehlchen rus. black-breasted rudneck, f pranc. rossignol a gorge rubis, m ryšiai: platesnis…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

baltauodegė raudongurklė - statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Luscinia pectoralis angl. white tailed rubythroat vok. Bergrubinkehlchen rus. black-breasted rudneck, f pranc. rossignol a gorge rubis, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas - lakštingalos ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

rossignol a gorge rubis - baltauodegė raudongurklė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Luscinia pectoralis angl. white tailed rubythroat vok. Bergrubinkehlchen rus. black-breasted rudneck, f pranc. rossignol a gorge rubis, m ryšiai: platesnis…… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

To watch online, click on the video & cudarrr,

Black-breasted rudder neck - Luscinia pectoralis More details

Luscinia pectoralis tschebaiewi More details

Duet of Black-breasted ruby-necked and black-headed warbler More details

Photo hunt for bluethroats. May 05-06, 2016 More details

Red-necked nightingale Luscinia calliope / Siberian Rubythroat More details

黑 胸 歌 鸲 Luscinia pectoralis More details

Bluethroat - Luscinia svecica More details

waiting for the rubythroat nightingale Luscinia calliope Read more

sang the rudder necks Luscinia calliope Read more

Black-breasted rudder in nature. More details

Siberian Rubythroat (Luscinia calliope) More

again for the rudneck 2 part More

Siberian Rubythroat (Luscinia calliope), singing male Read more

Types of Solovievs of Altai Territory / birds of Altai / the SINGING of LESNICHII Soloviev / SINGING OF BIRDS / More

Red-necked nightingale- Luscinia calliope- Siberian Rubythroat Read more

Nightingale black-breasted rudneck Read more

Redneck Nightingale- Luscinia calliope- Siberian Rubythroa More details

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send