Bird Families

Bamboo Fargesia Jiuzhaigou 1


Harg shrub, or Harch, or Homfokarpus shrub (Gomphocarpus fruticosus (L.) BR., Synonym - Asclepias fruticosa)

A variety of milkweed, a shrub 40-60 cm high with opposite lanceolate leaves 7-10 cm long, of the Apocynaceae family. Flowers on long stalks, collected in umbellate inflorescences. Green shaft with white hairy axillary fruit. The fruits are filled with air and resemble balloons. The fruits are not edible. Blooms in June - July, seeds ripen in September - October.

Common name: Hairy balls, Monkey balls, Family jewels, Balloons plant, Bladderbush, Swan plant, Cotton bush.

Plant tissues secrete a toxic milky sap that can irritate the skin, especially when exposed to sunlight.

For medicinal purposes, seeds and leafy shoots are collected, from which cardiac glycosides are obtained.

Best suited for planting in separate groups. It is interesting as an original plant with an unusual, albeit subtle color of inflorescences, which have a unique delicate aroma - that is why they are popularly called "fragrant bouquets".

A good honey plant, and bees and butterflies willingly visit it.

This plant is unpretentious in care. Harg can grow on almost any soil, even on poor soil, does not need fertilization. On the contrary, they can promote the growth of the plant, but it will practically not bloom. It is noted that Kharg is rarely ill. The only thing a plant cannot do without is an abundance of sunlight. To reduce the loss of moisture in the plant, the tops of its stems are removed along with the leaves.

For the winter, it requires mulching and covering with a dry leaf or spruce branches.

Harg is one of the most important parts of bouquets, it can also be used as a dried flower.

Landing: Sowing seeds is carried out in April, in a loose substrate to a depth of 2-3 cm. The seeds are germinated at a temperature of about 22-24C. After the emergence of seedlings, the temperature of the content is lowered to 18-20C. In grown seedlings, pinch the tops for tillering. Seedlings are planted in open ground after the threat of frost has passed, around the end of May or the beginning of June. Seedlings are planted immediately to a permanent place.

Birds of Crimea

  • Tags
  • Birds starting with the letter U
Latin name:Uragus
English name:To be specified
A type:Chordates
Body length:20 cm
Wing length:6-8 cm
Wingspan:25 cm
Weight:15-20 g
  • 1 Description of the bird
  • 2 Nutritional features
  • 3 Distribution in nature
  • 4 Is it a migratory bird
  • 5 Bird species
    • 5.1 Ordinary hurragus
    • 5.2 Ussuri hurragus
    • 5.3 Japanese hurragus
  • 6 Male and female: the main differences
  • 7 Keeping uragus at home
    • 7.1 Requirements for the cage (aviary)
    • 7.2 How to feed the Uragus?
    • 7.3 Will there be chicks?
  • 8 Interesting facts
  • 9 Uragus Singing

Description of the bird

Uragus species belongs to songbirds of the genus of lentils of the finch family. For its external similarity with bullfinches and lentils, this beautiful little bird with a long tail is often called a long-tailed lentil or a long-tailed bullfinch.

The size of a bird, on average, resembles a sparrow: weight is from 15 to 20 g, body length is up to 20 cm, due to an elongated tail, wingspan is about 25 cm.

First of all, the unusually bright plumage of the male Uragus attracts attention. It is especially noticeable in winter in the snow: a pink-red shade of the head and neck, contrasting white and black wings and tail, delicate silvery blotches on the head and chest. The older the male, the more intense his color becomes.But females and young animals have very modest plumage - silvery-gray, occasionally with pink and black splashes. The birds also have a neat little beak of yellow-brown color, and a distinctive feature is a long wide tail that helps them in balance.

Power features

The main diet of Uragus is made up of seeds of various herbs (flax, wormwood, nettle, etc.), which the bird finds in nature. The small beak forces the Uragus to look for small grains and seeds. Parents feed their chicks with insects, and can also add them to their menu.

Distribution in nature

Hurraguses are very widespread in Asia. Their habitat includes Mongolia, China, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, southern regions of Siberia. In recent years, hurricuses have often been encountered west of their habitats. Even their flights to Western Europe are known.

Migratory bird

Uraguses are not migratory, but nomadic birds. They stay in one place only for the nesting period, while choosing small shrub thickets. Birds roam in small flocks or pairs, often along railways or rivers.

Bird species

There are three subspecies of Uragus, depending on the main area of ​​distribution. Also, the birds differ in their size.

Common hurricus

An ordinary hurragus is a resident of the east of Russia. It is the largest and most common subspecies of these songbirds. The tail reaches 9 cm in length, the wing is 7.5 - 8 cm.

Ussuriysky hurragus

Lives in the Ussuri basin, Amur region. Average in size between ordinary and Japanese: tail and wing are the same in size, 7 - 7.5 cm.

Japanese hurragus

According to the name, this subspecies is found in Japan, as well as on Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. This is the smallest representative of the Uragus species with wings up to 6.5 cm in length and a tail up to 8 cm.

Male and female: the main differences

Sexual dimorphism of hurraguses is very pronounced. While the males show off their striking red and silver plumage, the females look inconspicuous and modest. Young males acquire a characteristic color for 2-3 months. But at home, after molting, males can irrevocably lose all the beauty of their plumage.

Keeping uragus at home

A friendly character and melodic singing are a great reason to have a Uragus at home. These birds are kept either one at a time or in pairs.

Requirements for the cage (aviary)

In any case, they will need a large spacious aviary or a cage with a length of 80 cm and a little less in width. Place the cage so that it is well lit, and the birds have a normal daylight hours. It is better that the rods of the cage are vertical, since the tail of the birds easily gets into the horizontal ones and can break off because of this. To avoid the outgrowth of the uragus claws, special wooden perches with bark of different sizes are placed in the cage. And in the aviary or cage, it is necessary to equip a small house or a kind of shelter for the female. It can be useful to her during nesting if the male begins to behave too aggressively.

Also, the hurricus will need a special place to swim.

How to feed the Uragus?

Since the hurragus is a granivorous bird, it is unpretentious in nutrition. The usual canary mixture is perfect for him, with the addition of seeds of wild herbs (plantain, quinoa, dandelion, shepherd's purse). In addition, greens, berries, twigs of willow, mountain ash, birch are added to the diet, and during the nesting period, birds are pampered with insects. The main condition for any feed is to grind it so that it is convenient for the hurragus to peck at it with a small beak. Clean water and mineral supplements are also essential for these birds.

Will there be chicks?

In captivity, hurraguses can mate and breed. In one clutch, the female has 4 small bluish eggs, which she incubates for up to 14 days. Newborn chicks gain strength for about 3 weeks before flying out of the nest.

Interesting Facts

  • hurraguses get used to captivity well, the first days in the cage can be restless, but this quickly passes,
  • hurraguses are friendly only with each other, they can quarrel and fight with other species of birds, therefore they are usually kept in separate cages,
  • during the nesting period, males of Uragus sometimes become very aggressive, therefore, in a cage or aviary, the female should have the opportunity to hide and wait out the anger of her husband,
  • hurraguses are prone to obesity and should not be overfed.

Uragus singing

The melodious sibilant singing of the Uragus draws attention to it, like a songbird. And although the repertoire of these birds is not very diverse, they are good at adopting the sounds of other species heard. Trills are hatched only by males, females can only squeak modestly.

Red bamboo

Fargesia 'Jiuzhaigou 1' bamboo is also known as Fargesia Nitida 'Jiuzhaigou 1', Fargesia Nitida Jade, red panda, red dragon, red fountain bamboo, very hardy and upright bamboo in cold winter regions.

  • Origin: China, mountainous regions in the north of Sichuan, Jiu Zhai Gou National Park "Valley of Nine Villages"
  • Genus: Fargesia
  • Height: 2.5 to 4.5 m
  • Stems: straight up to 12 mm Ø, color ranges from black and green to red and orange
  • Leaves: green, small, dense
  • Growth: young stems growing vertically with time, rounded top
  • Bamboo type: shrub bamboo
  • Frost resistance: up to - 28 ° C
  • Planting area: 1.5m - 2m ²
  • Climatic zone: 5 - 9
  • Prefers: partial shade to full sun
  • Application: in single and group plantings, as a striking example, dense high and medium bamboo hedges (free-growing, molded), living walls along the borders of the site (protection from wind and noise), planting near water bodies, for use in small gardens, one the best kind for growing in containers

Shrub bamboo Fargesia 'Jiuzhaigou 1' is collectively known as "Red Bamboo". This is a fairly new bushy species of bamboo in landscaping. Imported from China to Europe in 1986 and imported by German pharmacist Stefan Wagner. Fargesia 'Jiuzhaigou' named after the Jiu Zhai Gou National Park, the name of the park is translated as "Valley of Nine Villages", located in the mountainous regions of northern Sichuan Province of China, today there are 11 known varieties of 'Jiuzhaigou'. Fargesia 'Jiuzhaigou' bloomed in the late 80s, flowering cycle of bamboo ranging from 80 to 120 years, the next flowering is not expected for about 100 years!

Fargesia 'Jiuzhaigou 1' bamboo has gained wide popularity in landscaping areas due to its frost resistance, unpretentiousness and widespread use in garden decorative landscaping. Fargesia 'Jiuzhaigou 1' is an amazing bamboo species that adapts to any climate. In regions with severe winters, it grows vertically up to 4 m in height, in the fall it drops up to 30% of the leaves in order to save energy on frosty days and survive in harsh conditions, but despite the fact that it drops for the winter, the foliage remains thick. In southern regions with mild winters, a wide spreading shrub up to 2.5 m in height, does not shed leaves for the winter, and the stems bend under the weight of very thick leaves. In extreme weather conditions in summer under scorching direct rays, in places with low humidity and in winter in severe frosts, the leaves roll into tubes for self-preservation of humidity, and when normal conditions occur, they unfold.

Fargesia 'Jiuzhaigou 1' very decorative bushy a medium-sized bamboo species, the brightest of the 'Jiuzhaigou' species, prefers to grow in a partially shaded, slightly humid environment on humus-rich soils. Stems are straight, new canes are green, then depending on the amount of sunlight in partially shaded or sunny places, it varies from black-green later crimson-red, reddish-brownish, to red, and finally light orange. To get the deep red color of the stems, you need morning and evening sun. The leaves are very dense, soft and small, which gives it a graceful delicate appearance and makes it one of the best species for dense molded evergreen hedges, living narrow walls.

Fargesia 'Jiuzhaigou 1' bamboo is very decorative with its bright stems as a free-standing specimen. Fargesia 'Jiuzhaigou 1' is one of the best container varieties, frost hardy and undemanding to care, even in small containers it grows over two meters and is hardy enough to survive winter in containers on a balcony or terrace. Fargesia 'Jiuzhaigou 1' is an upright evergreen, dense, graceful shrub that does not require a large planting area, ideal for use in small gardens, and Japanese gardens where red dominates.

Fargesia 'Jiuzhaigou 1' bamboo preparing for winter sheds about 30% of its leaves