On the territory of the Land of the Leopard National Park, a songbird, rare for Russia, was seen - a red-eared, or short-toed bulbul (lat. Hypsipetes amaurotis). In the Primorsky Territory, over the past 60 years, these birds have come across only a few dozen times.
The red-eared bulbul belongs to the passerine. The body is up to 28 cm long, the plumage is gray-brown with noticeable orange or brown blotches on the head. These small birds live in the Philippine Islands, Japan, Korea and partly in China. For Russia, the bulbul is a nomadic species: at the moment, not a single meeting has been recorded in the summer. Most of the observations were made in late autumn - in October and November, and very rarely - in winter and early spring.
Scientists suggest that due to global warming in the future, the Bulbul may finally choose this region. Ornithologist Yuri Glushchenko, Associate Professor of the Department of Natural Science Education at the FEFU School of Pedagogy, notes that the Land of the Leopard is well suited for the permanent habitation of this bird. In a specially protected natural area, animals always have free access to watering holes with the purest water, including in winter - thanks to the non-freezing sections of rivers and streams.
In addition to the global increase in air temperature, the reason for the resettlement of the red-eared bulbul to the north may be the abundance of soft fruits on various types of trees and shrubs. At the same time, the bird appears without fear in the vicinity of villages and cities.Residents of Primorye can take an example from Korea and Japan, where wild berries are placed in feeders specially for the bulbul.
Now you can listen to how this bird sings:
Bletilla is a soil-based, slow-growing orchid. It has wide and thin folded leaves of a light green color. They reach 30 cm in length and about 7 cm in width. 3-5 pieces of linear leaves grow from each pseudobulb. During the wintering period, they fall off.
The flowers are located on elongated peduncles. They appear in early spring. They are small in size, painted in a pinkish-lilac shade, and their lip is dark purple. Collected in inflorescences, each of which contains 3-7 buds.
Types of bletilla
The main types of orchids and their description:
- Striped (hyacinth, variagated)... Popular varieties are Shi Ran, Kutibany, Blue Dragon, Purple. The striped bletilla resembles exotic gladioli. Flowers can be purple or white. It does not differ in winter hardiness, therefore, from late autumn to spring, the plant must be covered when grown in open ground.
- Bletilla striata alba... The variety of Murasaki Shikibu is in demand. Bletilla striata is actively used in the manufacture of various cosmetics. This species is a perennial shrub with spike-shaped inflorescences. The flowers are white in color.
- Brown-yellow... This orchid is also called ocher due to the color of its petals. Forms small bushes. Peduncles can grow up to 0.4 m. Flowers are small, ordinary in shape.A feature of this type is that the loose buds have practically no aroma.
Note! All types of bletilla bloom for a long period. On average, it is 30 days. However, it largely depends on the conditions of detention and compliance with the rules of planting and further care.
Indoor cultivation of bletilla
Bletilla can be grown not only in the garden, but also at home in a pot. The table below provides guidelines for its content.
- turf and leaf land, humus, peat, sand (2: 1: 1: 1: 1),
- peat, loam, coarse sand (2: 1: 2).
Open field cultivation of bletilla
Bletilla will be a wonderful decoration in the garden. But it can only be grown outdoors in temperate climates. In areas with cold winters, it is best to plant it in a pot and expose it to the garden in the summer. The plant has the following requirements when grown outdoors, consider them in the table.
Reproduction of Bletilla orchid
Bletilla can be propagated by seed and by dividing the rhizome. However, the first method, as a rule, is used only in laboratory conditions, because it requires sterility, which cannot be created at home.
The division of the bush is carried out in the spring when planting in open ground or transplanting. The plant must be cut so that there are 3-4 pseudobulbs on each division. Wounds from cuts should be treated with an antiseptic, sprinkled with wood ash or cinnamon powder. After this, the delenki should be planted in a permanent place.
Bletilla orchid pests and diseases
The orchid is not susceptible to disease.However, when kept outdoors in summer, insect pests may appear:
- nettle infusion,
- a decoction of rhubarb,
- laundry soap solution,
- infusion of tobacco and dandelion, onions, marigolds, yarrow, tansy,
- wormwood decoction.
- manual collection,
- dusting bushes with mustard, hot pepper, a mixture of wood ash and baking soda,
- dusting with tobacco powder.
Bletilla is an ornamental plant that can decorate both a flower garden and an apartment, private house or office. It is very simple to take care of it, it does not require a lot of effort and time, special tools and equipment. That is why it is popular even with beginners in floriculture.