Bird Families

Bronze cuckoos

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Study history

The bronze cuckoo, or didrik (lat.Chrysococcyx caprius) is a small bird of the cuckoo family.

Spread

The bronze cuckoo is common south of the Sahara Desert. Inhabits open wooded areas, savannas and shrubs.

Appearance

Bronze cuckoo 18-20 cm long. The plumage of adult males is green.

Didrik (Chrysococcyx cupreus), all over the upper part of the body, with the exception of some light areas, a shiny golden green color, with a copper sheen, many feathers have a bluish tint at the edges and one or two of the same spots. Along the middle of the crown, in front and behind the eye, there is a white stripe, the other, bordered by golden-green color, departs from the mouth angle. The entire lower part is light brown or yellowish-white, but this color is so delicate that it is in full beauty only immediately after molting, when the sun is fading to white. The lateral, tail and lower wing coverts are greenish, the first large and small flight feathers, as well as the outer tail feathers, have white stripes on a dark green background. The eyes are bright yellow-brown in color, while the male during mating is carmine-red, the eyelids are red-coral, the beak is dark blue, the legs are light gray-blue. The length of the bird is 19.5 cm, the wingspan is 33, the length of the wing is 11, the tail is 8.5 cm. The female is slightly smaller, not so, beautiful and differs from the male in the spotted lower parts of the body.

Reproduction

The bird is a nesting parasite. She lays her only egg, mainly in the nests of the large mask weaver and birds of the genus velvet weavers (Euplectes).

Lifestyle

Levallant was the first to report something about the lifestyle of the golden cuckoo. “I met her,” he says, “in most of southern Africa, from the Elephant River to the country of little Namaks, and even in so many that I could kill thousands of them. I see from my notebook that my faithful Claes and I have killed 210 males, 113 females and 103 chicks. " In central Africa, where this bird was observed by Ruppel, Geiglin, the Marquis Antinori and I, it is far from so widespread. As far as I remember, I always met her only in the primeval forest. In my travel notes, it is clearly noted that it is found only in the tallest and densest trees of the forest. She chooses a residence in the mountains on wooded and sunny slopes between 300 and 2000 m above sea level. It is not difficult to find it, because the male is easily noticed either thanks to his cry, or to quarrels with other representatives of his species. His inviting cry is a loud whistle like the sound of a flute, which Levalan expresses with the syllables "didadididrik", Geyglin - "uiduiduidi", Fischer - "tyutyuyu". Teiss, who observed this bird especially in the western part of the Congo, simply speaks of its noisy whistle, which clearly sounds in these always rather silent forests and bushes. The female, apparently, emits only a quiet tone, sounding like "wikwick", with which she responds to the male in love and lures him. During love time, males, whose number, apparently, barely exceeds the number of females, are almost as jealous and pugnacious as the males of the common cuckoo.

Food

It feeds on insects and their larvae.The stomachs of the birds studied by Fischer contained rather large hairy caterpillars, from which one can conclude that the golden cuckoo is in this respect similar to its European cousin.

Notes (edit)

  1. Boehme R.L., Flint V.E. A five-language dictionary of animal names. Birds. Latin, Russian, English, German, French. / under the general editorship of Acad. V.E.Sokolova. - M .: Rus. lang., "RUSSO", 1994. - P. 134. - 2030 copies. - ISBN 5-200-00643-0

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This abstract is based on an article from the Russian Wikipedia. Synchronization completed 07/17/11 01:16:57
Similar abstracts: Chrysococcyx caprius.

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